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王羲之、《兰亭序》、魏晋书风

作者:admin 2020-09-03 我要评论

zaishufashishang,ziweijinyilai,youduoweishujiacengbeizunweishusheng,wangxizhishizuiwanhuodeshushengchenghaodeshujia,danzicizhihou,shushengchenglewangxizhidezhuancheng。 wenzhiming《lantingxiuxietu》(jubu)(gugongbo...

在书法史上,自魏晋以来,有多位书家曾被尊为“书圣”,王羲之是最晚获得“书圣”称号的书家,但自此之后,“书圣”成了王羲之的专称。

文徵明《兰亭修褉图》(局部)(故宫博物院供图)

 

兰亭集会

zihanqijiuyouyizhongfengsu,meinianyinlisanyuechusan,renmendouyaojiebanquhebianyouwanxixi,muyuchunfeng,yixiaochuhuiqihebuxiang,zheizhongxisubeichengwei“xiuxie”。gongyuan353nian,dongjinyonghejiunian,yejiushiwangxizhi50suineiniandesanyuechusan,shirenhuijineishi、youjunjiangjundewangxizhizhaojiqinpenghaoyouxiean、sunchuoyijizizhiwangningzhi、wangxianzhideng40yuweiwenrenyashiyanjiyuhuijishanyindelanting,xing“xiuxie”zhili,qushuiliushang,yinjiuzuoshi。

40yuweimingshiliezuoxibian,jiangshengmanjiudeyushangfangruxishuizhong,yanquzhedeshuiliupiaoxing。yushangpiaozhisheidemianqian,sheijiuyaoqushangyinjiubingfushi。ruoweinengjixingchengshi,jiuyaofajiusanbei。zaizheicizhongguowenxueshishangdezhumingjuhuizhong,wangxizhiyupengyou、zizhidengrengongfushi37shou,shihourenmenjiangshipianhuibianchengji,bingyiyanjididian“lanting”mingming,cheng《lantingshiji》。youyuwangxizhishengwanghengao,zaizhongrendetuijuxia,tajixingweishijixiejiuleyipianxuyan。wangxizhimianduiliangchenmeijing、gaopengzhiyou,yongcanjianzhi、shuxubichengxingjishu,yiqihechengdixiexiahoulaibeichengwei“tianxiadiyixingshu”dejuedaishufazuopin《lantingxu》。

jushuowangxizhihuijiajiuxingzhihou,yiyouweijin,“gengshushushibaiben,zhongbujizhi”,diyibandejingmiaozaiyebunengqiude。zheishitacaimingbai,zheipianxuwenyijingjijin“tianrenheyi”zhidao,shizijiyishengzhongdejiazuole。

buguozheichangyonghejiunianfashengzaihuijilantingdejihuiheyizaojiule“tianxiadiyixingshu”?

qishiwangxizhirenhuijineishiyijing4nian,zheishitazuihouyiduanshitushengya。tacengzai30duosuibeizhengxijiangjunzhaodaowuchangzuomuliao,houyoucanjunshengrenzhangshi,zairenningyuanjiangjun、jiangzhoucishi。zaihaoyouyangzhoucishiyinhaodequanshuoxia,daojingshirenhujunjiangjun,yulingjunjiangjuntongzhangzhongyangjundui。danwangxizhibuyuanchanruyinhaoyuhuanwendequanlidouzheng,kuqiuwaifang,zuizhongbeipaidaozhedong,churenyoujunjiangjun、huijineishi。cishidewangxizhiyuanlidongjinzhengzhiwenhuazhongxinjiankang,youyouxiean、sunchuodengzhitongdaohedemingshiyourenxiangban,zishicongrongzizai。

wangxizhicong49suizhi59suiqijian,chushouhuijidaofuxianhuiji,jishitarenshengzhongdezuihou10nian,yeshitazuopinzuihaode10nian,chule《lantingxu》zhiwai,《yuanshengtie》《hanqietie》《chuyuetie》《shudoutie》《zhonglangnvtie》《qishitie》deng,doushizaizheiyishiqixiejiu。yuhecengjingzhengliliusonggongtingshouzangdewangxizhishufa,xiechengyipian《lunshubiao》,qizhongshuowangxizhizaonianshuji“weiyouqishu”,“jibuzuguan,yiwusuoqu”,erwannianzaihuijide10nianli,“naizaoqiji”。nanchaotaohongjingzai《yuliangwudilunshuqi》zhongxiedegengzhibai,shuowangxizhifuhuijizhiqian,shufa“youweiweicheng”,“fanjuehaoji,jieshixiangzaihuijishi”。

ernenggouzhongcheng“diyixingshu”,zhongguoshufashixuezheliutaoduibenkanjieshishuo,zheishiyinwei“wangxizhishiweijinshufengdeshouyizhe,yeshixintishufadejidachengzhehewanchengzhe”。zaizhongshimenfamingwangdeweijinshidai,liumingqingshiderenxuduochuzimingmen,wangxizhiyebuliwai。langyawangshishiliangjinshouquyizhidemingmenwangzu,qizufuguanzhishangshulang,fuqinguanzhihuainantaishou,bofuwangdaoshidongjinkaiguohuangdijinyuandimaruidechengxiang。chushenmingmen,tadejiaxuebeijingchengjiuletarihoudeshufacaiyi,wangshijiazuzaidangshiyixiangbeirenchengweihanmozhijia。erwangxizhideshufaqimenglaoshiweifurenchuzihedonganyiweishi,xijinshiweishideweiguan、weihengfuziyedoushiyouyingxianglideshufajia。16suishi,wangxizhizhuanshishufuwangyi,houzhecengdanrenguojinmingdideshuhualaoshi。anzhaowangyi《kongzishidizitu》ti,neishishaonianwangxizhiyijingzhanluchu“shuhuaguomubianneng”detianfu。suowei“jidachengzhe”,shiyinweiwangxizhixiqulehanmoshancaoshudezhangzhi,heweiguoshanxingshu、kaishudezhongzhoudezhangchu;suowei“wanchengzhe”,shizhiwangxizhijingguogexinjiang“zhongzhang”liangrenshanzhangquehaidaiyougulaolishuyiyidekaishu、xingshu、caoshu,quanmiantuixiangxinmianmao。

weijinshufengdefazhanyedailaixindeshenmeijiazhi:hanweizhijiqunxingshanyao,zai“rendejuexing”he“wendezijue”dejingshenqihouli,wenzishuxieyebuzaijinjinshishumianjiaoliudewenzixingtai,ershiwenrenyongyi“jixing”deshouduan,yonglaibiaoxian“fengdu”depingjie。

《lantingxu》youweimingxian,suishiyipianshanshuiyoujisanwen,shengdongxingxiangdijixulezheicijihuideshengkuanghelequ,queyeshufaleshengshibuchang、renshengduanzandegankai。shijishangyonghejiuniansanyue,dongjinyinhaolvlingdebeifazhanzhengyijingjinrudiernian,zhanshizhengchuyuguanjianshike。duiyuwangxizhidengreneryan,cishidongjinneibu,yinhao、huanwenzhijiandemaodunriyijiashen,beifazhanzhengzhengchaozhebulifangxiangfazhan。duiyuwangxizhidezhiyouxiean、xiewanxiongdilaishuo,daibiaoxieshijiazuliyihemingwangdecongxionganxijiangjunxieshang,zaiqianyinianchushizhiqianjidabaiyuzhangyu,jinjunsizheyiwanwuqian。

dangshidongjinquanjingdoulongzhaozaizheizhongzhanzhengqifenzhixia,lantingjihuidemingshimenjinguanzaiqushuizhipanyinshizuijiu,danzaitamenxinzhong,bidinghaiyouchenzhongbuandeyimian。zaiweijinzheiyizhongguolishishangzhangqifenliedongdangdeshiqi,zaikuangrichijiudehunluanzhong,zhenggeshehuidouzaishengsixianbianyuanzhengzha,nonghoudesiwangyishilongzhaozheiyishidai。jiudexuhuanquntichedijieti,xirishidafumenlaiyiyicunderujiasixiangquanmianbengkui。xuanxuexingqi,xuanxuejiamenzhiliyu“yuandaoruru”,litubarujiatichangdedaodeguifanjianlizaidaojiaziranbentilunsixiangdejichushang,chengweiweijinshidafudejingshenjituo。zaixuanxueshengxing、chongshangqingtandedongjin,wangxizhifandui“xutanfeiwu,fuwenfangyao”,keweidushuyizhi。

wangxizhiwenzhongshuo“yisishengweixudan,qipengshangweiwangzuo”,weirao《lantingxu》dehuatizicibujueyuer,qianguzhixia,zheipianduanshufanerjinrubuxiudexulie。

宋 匿名《萧翼赚兰亭图》(故宫博物院供图)

 

入葬昭陵

buguozaitangchaozhiqian,《lantingxu》shufabingwushengming。《shishuoxinyu》yinluguo《lantingxu》wen,yiming《linhexu》,renmenzhiwenqiwen,buzhiqishu。lantingshufazhenzhengweishirentuichong,shizaitangtaizongdedao《lantingxu》zhenjizhihou。

“zhenguanzhizhi”xiadetangtaizongqingchuwenhuaduishehuifazhandezhongyaozuoyong:“zhensuiyiwugongdingtianxia,zhongdangyiwendesuihainei。”tashe“mishutuji”,goutianxiashu。tangtaizongduiwangxizhishufajiqichimi,dangniantaxiazhaogouqiuwangxizhishufa,suohuoshenduo,daliangqianduozhi。

jushuowangxizhixiewan《lantingxu》hou,duiqizhenaibeizhi。wangshishidaixiangchuan,chuandaoqiqishisunzhiyongheshangshouli。zhiyongyuanjiqian,jiang《lantingxu》jiaojidizibiancai,anzhaotangrenheyanzhi《lantingji》jizai,biancaiba《lantingxu》dangzuozhibao,zaiyongxinsifangzhangwuzidefangliangshangzaolegedongshouzang《lantingxu》。tangtaizongcongmingchenweizhengneilitingshuo《lantingxu》zaibiancaineili,bianxianjiangbiancaiheshangqingdaozhangan,liyuyoujia。biancaijiancheng“zhuishibuzhisuozai”,taizongsuijiangbiancaifangguishanlin。rucisanfan,biancai“jingubuchu”。

tangtaizonghoulaipaijianchayushixiaoyibanzuoshushengshejizhuanqu,xiaoyiquyuezhouyongxinsi,zhongriyubiancaihejiu、xiaqi、danqin、lunshiwen,liangrenyujiashuluohou,biancaiqinzidengshangfuti,congwuliangquchulantingzhenji,jixiaoyiguanshang。suihouchenbiancaibuzaijiashi,xiaoyiqude《lantingxu》xianyutangtaizong。hourenduiheyanzhijishudepushuomilideqingjiebanxinbanyi,renweiyitaizongzhixian,bubidaoqie《lantingxu》。

jinguanlishijizai“xiaoyizhuanlanting”deguochengqingjieyouyi,dangushidejiejushiyizhide:《lantingxu》zhenjijingguozhongzhongzhouzhe,zuizhongbeitangtaizongzuoweipeizangdairuzhaoling。anzhaoheyanzhideshuofa,tangtaizonglinzhongqian,duitaizilizhishuo,xiangrangerzizaitasihoujiang《lantingxu》zhenjixunzangzhaoling,yibiantazaidixiayenengsuishixinshang,lizhizhaoban。dantangrenliususuoji《suitangjiahua》zhong,shichusuiliangzouqinglizhi,jianglantingzhenjisuizangzhaoling。

wudaihouliangshiqi,tongxiaguanzhongdejiedushiwentaoshiweizhumingde“daomuzei”,zairen7nian,wakaiguodaliangtangdaidiling,baokuozhaoling。songouyangxiu《xinwudaishi》jizai,wentaocengqinziyanzhemudaoxiadaozhaolingmushizhong,jiandaomushidongxiliangxiangbulieshichuang,chuangshangfangyoushihan,hanneizhuangzhetiexia,xiazhongsuozang,quanshiqianshitushu,baokuozhongzhou、wangxizhidezhimo,bijixiangxindeyiyang,“qisuozangshuhuajietiquqizhuangzhoujinyuerqizhi,yushiweijinyilaizhuxianmojisuifuliuluoyurenjian”。

ouyangxiuwenzhongsuoweide“zhongwangzhimo”,shifoubaokuo《lantingxu》?wentaodewaishengzhengxuansuzuolekendinghuida。wentaosiqianjiangdaomudelaidezhuduozhimochuanjilezhengxuansu,cirennanqianhouyinjuyulushanqingniugu,“gaowosishiyunian,caiweishijue,xiangeziruo,gouchuanjianmaoyushehou。huijigushushizhiqianyujuan”。songren《jiangnanyuzai》ji,jinshishuya,cengtingtadelaoshizhengxuansuhuiyi,shuozijidangshiyecanyulezhaolingdaomu,“changruzhaoling,jiantaizongsanfa,yiyujiaweizhi。liangxiangjiezhishita,youjinxiawu,zangzhong、wangmoji,《lanting》yizaiqizhong。sishisanluorenjian,buzhiguiyuhesuo”。

《lantingxu》youjindaotang,zaitangtaizongdetuichongxiayingxianglibuduanzengda,yededaolegengduoshujiaderenke。yurijuzengdeyingxiangshiwangxizhibeiriyishenhua,“zhenguan、yonghuiyihai,youjunzhishi,jibentianxia”。wangxizhi“shusheng”dediweideyiquelihegonggu,yucitongshi,zuoweiwangxizhideyizhizuode《lantingxu》,yejiuzheiyangdiandingle“tianxiadiyixingshu”dediwei。

《帝王名臣像册》之王羲之像(故宫博物院供图)

 

临摹最多的单篇法帖

zaibeishirenbuduanzhuipengyushenhuazhong,《lantingxu》zhujianchengweihourenxuexixingshudezuijiafanben,rujintayiranshibeifankehelinmozuiduo、liuchuanzuiguangdedanpianfatie。

xianjinchuanshide28xing、324zi《lantingxu》tieben,suihuashenchengbaishangqian,dandoulaiyuanyutongyigezuben,jitangtaizongneifusuozangzhenji。tangtaizongduai《lantingxu》,“baoxizheducishuweizui,zhiyuzuocechaoxiguanshang”。buguotangtaizongtaiai《lantingxu》le,sihoujiangzhenjixunzangzhaoling。

daolesongdai,duoweihuangdidoubalinmo、shouzanghefanke《lanting》dangchengdiwangshenghuodeyibufen。songtaizongshanshu,xieguoqianrenshiju:“budaolantingqianriyu,changsimokewuyunju。cengjingshuchukanpingzhang,jinshiwangjiaxiaocaoshu。”tazhenxuanneifusuozanglidaimingrenfashuzhuankede《chunhuagetie》zhong,jinwangxizhi、wangxianzhishufajiuduzhanyiban。songhuizongzaiwangweihuade《lantingtu》shangshuxietangrenheyanzhide《lantingji》。songgaozongzuanyanerwang,zhuanjinglanting,jiangneifuzang《dingwulantingzhenben》mokejinzhong,yishijian,chaoyechanghe,linmolantingyuranchengfeng。

songdaiwenrenshujiayejiarudaoshouzang、chuantuolantingdeshengjingzhizhong。tangshiqi,linmomojicunshihaibushao,daolesong,guangweiliuchuandezeweigezhongtuoben。zheizhongjiangzhijinfuzaikeshishang,yongmoyinshuachuwenzidechuantuofangshichengweicihou《lantingxu》mojidezhuyaochuanbofangshi。yuanrenzhaomengfushuo:“lantingtie,dangsongmonandushi,shidafurenrenyouzhi。shikejiwang,jiangzuohaoshizhe,wangwangjiakeyishi,wulvshushibaiben。”songrenzanglantingtuobenbaizhongyishang,danrujinbaibucunyi。

daoleming、qingliangdai,shujiabalinmo《lantingxu》zuoweixuexishufadezhuyaomenjing,chuxianlegengduoanzhaozijilijielinxielantingdebanben,youyushutiyongbigeyousuozhang,mingrendongqichangshuo,“lantingwuxiaben”。dongqichangyouguanlantingchuanbendejianzangjilinxieduiqianlongyingxianghenda,qianlongjiangshoujidaodebazhongyouguanlantingdebenzikeyubagenshizhushang,shicheng“lantingbazhu”。

qiannianguohou,《lantingxu》yijingbujinjinshijiandandeyifushufazuopin,gengshenruzhongguochuantongwenhuajingsui,chengweileyizhongwenhuaxianxiang。

yijianshichuandezuopinjingchengweizhongguoshufashishangzuizhumingdezuopin,shiyinweitangtaizongshengqiancengmingrenlinmoguoshubenlanting,gaoshuipingdemobenchengweihourenjianshangyanxi《lantingxu》zuizhenguidefanben,qizhongfengchengsumoxiede“shenlongben”beirenweishicunshizuijialantingmoben。

fengchengsuyouyu“bishijingmiao,xiaosanpozhuo”,cengrentangtaizonggongfengtashuren,yejiushihuangdishenbiandetashuren。tangtaizongcengjiang《lantingxu》zhenjinachulaimingtalinmo,bingjiangmobencijihuangtaizi、zhuwang、jinchenxinshangyanxi,renmensuoshuode“shenlongben”,jiushizheigebeitangzhongzongjiagai“shenlong”nianhaoyindefengchengsumoben。cibenzhijindoushigugongbowuyuandezhenguanzhibaozhiyi,jinianqiancengzhuanmenbanguolantingdazhan,jianggugongjiquanguogebowuguanshouzangdelantinglinmohetuobenjihezhanchu,xianghubijiao。

xiangbiyuzhaoyuanbenzhijiefangxiedelinben,mobenshijiangdaimozhizhangfugaizaiyuanbenshang,yizhaotouguolaideziyingjinxinggoumiao,suoyigengnengbaocunhefanyingyuanbenfengmao,beichengwei“xiazhenjiyideng”。fengchengsujiang《lantingxu》“pofeng”“duanbi”“zeihao”dezimoxiedexizhiruwei,yuanbenzhongzengsuntumodezijiyezai“shenlongben”zhongxianxianchuxianhoushuxiedecengci,yongbifuyangfanfu,bifengjianduanruili,jibaoliuleyuanjigoumodehenji,youyouziyoulinxiedetedian,zheicaishiderujinrenmenyirankeyitongguo“shenlongben”zhuizongwangxizhidangniandeshuxiedongzuohebishi。

weihecongguzhijinrenrendouxue《lantingxu》?liutaoshuo,lishishangcengjingliguoliangcishufengbianhua,diyicifashengzaihanchao,lishuqudaixiaozhuanchengweizhengti,donghanhouqi,lishudesuxietiyanshengchuxingshuhekaishu,jineryinfalediercishufengbianhua,suizhekuanfudezhizhangqudailexiazhangdezhumujiandu,kaishuqudailishudezhengtidiwei,weijinliangbainianjian,xingchenglekaishuweigenji,xingshu、caoshuweishishangdeweijinshufeng。

“weijinyihoudetangsongyuanmingqing,zhuliushufengjiushiyanxuweijinshufeng,qierichangyongdejiushikaishu、xingshuhecaoshusanzhongshuti。wangxizhichongfenbiaodalezheisanzhongzitideyishuganheshuxiegan,zhizhijintianwomenrenweimeidekaishu、xingshu、caoshu,douyuanyuwangxizhideshuti。”liutaoshuo。

zaishufashishang,ziweijinyilai,youduoweishujiacengbeizunwei“shusheng”,wangxizhishizuiwanhuode“shusheng”chenghaodeshujia,danzicizhihou,“shusheng”chenglewangxizhidezhuancheng。

元钱选《王羲之观鹅图》

 

父誉其子

buguozhengshi《lantingxu》deliuxing,yangailewangxizhiqitashuzuodeguangmang。

dangnianyu《lantingxu》yitongsuitangtaizongzangruzhaolingde,haiyouwangxizhideyuanjikeshixiaokai《leyilun》。shijishangnanchao、tangchaowenxianjizaidewangxizhimingjidoushixiaokai,duoshitachaoxieqianrendewenpian。shengtangshiqi,zhanghuaiguan《shugu》tidaorenmenkanzhongwangxizhidekaishu,“dandechengpian,jiweiguobao”。tangyiqian,wangxizhiqishisunzhiyongyusuichaoxiexiabawenshishuo:“《leyilun》zhe,zhengshudiyi。”tangtaizongshi,chusuiliangjiandingyufushouzangdewangxizhishuji,luyou《youjunshumu》,zhengshuqiansanjuanfenbieshi《leyilun》《huangtingjing》《dongfangshuohuaxiangzan》,yejiang《leyilun》lieweidiyipin。

tangtaizongdui《leyilun》,yirutadui《lantingxu》yiyangzhenzhong,mingfengchengsumoxie,ciyujinchen。tangrenjizai,cihou《leyilun》zhenjiyizhicunyuneifu,zhizhitangzhongzongzhihoudejinianjian,beitaipinggongzhudaichugong,houtaipinggongzhubeicisi,《leyilun》zhenjixialuobuming。daixuhao《gujiji》zhongsuojixuanzongyufuzangwangxizhizhengshu,yiwu《leyilun》,guyi《huangtingjing》weizhengshudiyi。

anzhaoshenkuo《mengxibitan》suoji,wangxizhiqitazhenjijieyizhisuchuanshi,zhiyou《leyilun》shiwangxizhi“qinshuyushi”。《leyilun》yuanjikeshiyu《lantingxu》zhenjiyitongsuitangtaizongzangruzhaoling,wentaodaofazhaolingshifuchuanrenjian,songzhenzongshibeiyuezhouzhizhougaoshenshoude,chuanjileerzigaoanshi。shenkuozaigaoanshijiazhongqinyanjianguoyuanjikeshi,“shiyipoweishupian,yitieshuzhi”,gaoanshisihou,keshixiaoshi。shenkuozuihouxiedao:“jinchuan《leyilun》,jiemobenye。bihuawufuxizhiqingjing。xizhixiaokaiziyucidaijue。”

wangxizhidecaoshutongyangchuse。xijinshi,caoshuhaichuzaizhangcaoshidai,weiguande“caogao”biejuyige,liubiandebishitupolezhangcaode“juebishoushi”。qihou,wangxizhijinyibufahuilelianshuliuguande“zongyin”bishi,ziyuzizhijianbihuaqianyin,chuxianleliangsanzilianxiedeziqunjiegou,congergaobielejiutizhangcao,rencheng“jincao”,shufengyanyongzhijin。

zhihoudeshufashishang,youkenengchaoyuewangxizhidezhiyoutadeerziwangxianzhile。

中国书法史学者刘涛(宝丁 摄)

 

liusongshiqideyuhebujinjiangzhongzhangbizuo“guzhi”,erwangbizuo“jinyan”,youshuoerwang“fuzizhijianyouweigujin”。yuhehaishuo,“xianzhishixuefushu”,erxianzhi“bijiliuyi,wanzhuanyanmei,naiyuguozhi”。zailiusongshi,wangxianzhideshufabiwangxizhihaiyao“jinyan”,daoleqiliangshi,renmenyouba“jinti”dezhuanliquanhaijilewangxizhi。buguoxixianfuzideshufajingsaibingweijieshu,daoletangchao,wangxizhilande“jinti”meiyu,wangxianzhiyingde“chuangzaopozheng”“poti”zhigong,gedeqiwei。zhanghuaiguanzai《shuyi》zhongshuo:“yishao(wangxizhi)bingzhenxingzhiyao,zijing(wangxianzhi)zhixingcaozhiquan,fuzhilinghe,zizhishenjun,jiegujinzhidujueye。”

zaozaiwangxianzhiqibasuishi,wangxizhijiucengyujiandaoerzideqianli。yuhe《lunshubiao》jizai:“xizhiweihuiji,zijingqibasuixueshu,xizhiconghoucheqibibutuo,tanyue:‘ciershuhoudangyoudaming。’”wangxizhiyichebibutuo,panduanxianzhi“houdangyoudaming”,zheishishufashishangfuyuqizidedianxing,liuchuanhenguang。zheigushiyoushuangzhonghanyi,jixianshiwangxizhidexianjianzhiming,youshuomingwangxianzhiyounianxiziyonggong,bichengmingjia。yibanrenwei,wangxianzhibabijin,suoyicheerbutuo,danzaimingjiajingchaodulingwentandeshuxuejiawangshizhenlingyoujieshi:“ciyouliye,feikujinye。”

(参考书目:《魏晋书风,魏晋南北朝书法史札记》,刘涛著;《兰亭的故事》,故宫博物院编)


1.benzhanzunxunxingyeguifan,renhezhuanzaidegaojiandouhuimingquebiaozhuzuozhehelaiyuan;2.benzhandeyuanchuangwenzhang,qingzhuanzaishiwubizhumingwenzhangzuozhehelaiyuan,buzunzhongyuanchuangdexingweiwomenjiangzhuijiuzeren;3.zuozhetougaokenenghuijingwomenbianjixiugaihuobuchong。

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