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金沙遗址重要出土文物

作者:admin 2020-10-03 我要评论

zhengli/yueying taiyangshenniaojinshi (waijing12.5limi,neijing5.29limi,houdu0.02limi) hanjinlianggaoda94.2%,weijinshayizhichutujinqizhonghanjinliangzuigaodeqiwu。zhengqiweiyuanxing,houdujunyun,jibo...

整理/岳颖

  太阳神鸟金饰

(外径12.5厘米,内径5.29厘米,厚度0.02厘米)

hanjinlianggaoda94.2%,weijinshayizhichutujinqizhonghanjinliangzuigaodeqiwu。zhengqiweiyuanxing,houdujunyun,jibo,tuanyiloukongfangshibiaoxian,fenweineiwailiangceng。neicengweiyiyuanquan,zhouweidengjufenbu12tiaoshunshizhenxuanzhuandechizhuangmang;waicengdengjufenbuzaitaiyangzhouweideshisizhixingtaixiangtongdeniao,shouzuxiangjie,feixingfangxiangyuneicengxuanwodexuanzhuanfangxiangxiangfan。zhenggetuangoutuyanjin,xiantiaoliuchang,jifuyunlv,beiguojiawenwujudingweizhongguowenhuayichanbiaozhi。

muqianduiyutuandejieshiyouliangzhong:yizhongrenweixuanzhuandehuoqiushitaiyangshen,sizhiniaoshitaiyangshendesigeshizhe,yuyidong、xi、nan、beisigefangxiang;lingyizhongrenweixuanzhuandehuoqiushitaiyang,sizhiniaoshituoqitaiyangzaitianshangyunxingdeshenniao,biaoxiandeshi“jinwufuri”zheiyizhongguogudaishenhuachuanshuo。

  商周大金面具

(长20.5厘米,宽10.4厘米,高10.7厘米,厚0.08厘米)

zhengtilianpuxizaimojushangchuishechengxing,yanjing、bizi、zuiba、erduoweijianqieercheng。lianbufengman,biaoqingweiyan,juyouyidingxieshifengge,shimuqianzhongguofaxiandetongshiqixingtizuida、baocunzuiweiwanzhengdejinmianju。qishenduochuzhezhoubianxing,bingduochuyouxixiaoliekouhecanpodong,zuoerxiabuyouliekou。

dajinmianjuchutuyu2007nian2yue,ciqian6nian,cengyouyijianxiaojinmianjuzaiqifujinchutu。erzhesuidouweirenxingmianju,danzaoxinghedaxiaochayimingxian,zhizuoniandaiyingyouyiduanjuli。zaidajinmianjuchutudexiaoyuankengneiyouxuduochanzazhushadehongsenitu。zaiyuangushiqi,renmenrenweiqiwuyurenyiyangyoushengming,zhushadaibiaoqiwufengxianjishenlingzhihousuoliudexueye。yinci,zhuanjiarenweidajinmianjuhenkenengshigushuguozaijuxingzongjiaojisihuodongshisuoyong。cileixingdejinmianjumuqianzhizaisanxingduihejinshayizhibeifaxianguo,zhengmingerzheyoujinmidechengxiguanxi。

  商周人面鱼鸟箭纹金王冠带

(外径20.4厘米,高2.83厘米,厚0.03厘米)

zhengqichuishechengxing,wenyangbufenzankehekehuaercheng,baokuosizuxiangtongdetuan,meizutuanyouyiyu、yijian、yiniaoheyirenmian,biaoxiandechangjingshirenyongjiansheyu,jianjingguoniaodecemian,shencharuyutounei。zhenggewenshixiantiaoliuchang,shengdongqingxi。zhuanjiafenxi,gaijinguandaikenengshigushuguodeguizuhuoguowangdaizaiguanxiaduandehuangjinshijian。

guanyutuandeyuyi,keyimingquedeshi,renheniaoshibeibiaoxiandezhuti,yushibeisheshadeduixiang,yinciyousizhongtuice:1.zheifanyinglegushurenduizuxianheniaodechongbai;2.yuyuniaotongyangzhongyao,shiyixiechongniaohechongyudeshizudetuteng;3.tuanyugushichuanshuozhongdedisandaishuwang“yufu”youguan;4.yuheniaoshididuiguanxi,tuanfanyinglelianggewangchaozhijiandezhanzhenglishi。

gaijinguandaidewenshiyusanxingduiyihaokengchutudejinzhangdewenshizaigoutuyuansushangjibenxiangtong,erxibuduoyouchayi。guanyuzheixiewenshidexiangtongyubutong,muqianhaibunengmingqueshifouyouteshuhanyi。

  石跪坐人像

(长8.73厘米,宽10.63厘米,高22.7厘米)

waibiaoyouheisetiaozhuang、hesezhuangbanjibaisehuawen。renxiangweiyiluotichizudenanxing,fashiqite,zhongfen,sijiaogaoqiao,xiang“yibendakaideshu”,naohouyoufabian。lianxingfangzhengshouxue,kuane,meigongtuqi,shuangyanmohu,yicaihuixingshimiaohui,yuanzhengpingshi,gaobiliang,kuozuijinbi,tuxianyandezhusha。quangugaoqi,mianjiashenao,biaoqingkuse。liangerhengzhang,erchuichuankong。guizuo,shuangshoubeishengsuofanbangyushenhou。

jinshayizhigongchutu12jianshiguizuorenxiang,zaoxingjibenxiangtong,duoyushishe、shihudengfangzaiyiqi,yingshiyongyujisihuodong,fanyingleshangdaiyilaiderenji(rensheng)xianxiang。ciqianziliaobiaoming,chunqiuwanqicaichuxianmonizhenrenxingmaodeourenyong,erzheipishiguizuorenxiangshuomingsichuanpendizhishaozaishangdaiwanqidaoxizhouzaoqijiuchuxianlerenjitidaipin,yeshuominggushuguodetongzhijiecengyishihejisifangshikenengjiaozhongyuandiqugengweikaimingjinbu。duiyushiguizuorenxiangdeshenfenzhijinweiyoudinglun,tadezishibiaomingtayinggaichushenbeiwei,yexushinulihuofanren,yourengenjufashicaixiangtashixinanyidefulu,yeyourenrenweitakenengshi“yishenweixisheng,yongqifuyushangdi”dewushi。

  十节玉琮

(上端长6.94厘米,下端长6.3厘米,上孔径5.55厘米,下孔径5.14厘米,高22.2厘米)

ciyucongweiqingse,zhidiwenrun,bantouming。qibiaoyouyingailiushihouxingchengdedapianbaihuaxianxiang,haiyouheise、huiheiseqinban,bingcancunshaoliangtongxiu,chutuqiankenenghetongqimaizangzaiyiqi。zhangfangzhuti,shangdaxiaxiao,waifangneiyuan,zhongjianguanchuanyikong。qineiwaidamopaoguang,yuzhipinghuaguangrun,zhizuoshifenguizheng。quanqifenweishijie,meijiediaokeyoujianhuarenmianwen,gong40ge。congtishangxialiangduantuqideyuantongchengweishekou,ciyucongshangxiajunchushe,shangshebuyinkeyirenxingfuhao,renxingtoudaizhangguanshi,shuangshoupingju,shuangjiaochakai,fangfozhengzaiwudao,kenengbiaoxiandeshizuxianhuozhewushizhengzaijisidechangjing。

yucongliuxingyuzhangjiangxiayouliangzhuwenhuazhong,shiyizhongjifudifangsecaideyuqi。muqianjinshayizhiyichutuyucong27jian,shiguoneichuliangzhuwenhuaquyuzhiwaichutuyucongzuiduodeyichu。zheixieyucongquanbuchutuyujinshayizhidejisiquzhong,shuomingyucongzaijinshalizhixitongzhongzhanyoujiqiteshudediwei。tongguofenxishijieyucongdecaizhi、xingzhi、gongyihewenshi,zhuanjiapanduantabingfeishudisuochan,ershiyuanziliangzhuwenhuawanqi,zailiangzhuwenhuashuaiwanghoubeiliangzhurenzhanzhuandairugushudiqu。liangzhuwenhuabijinshawenhuazhishaozaoyiqiannian,dangshijieyucongbeimairudixiashi,yishiyijian“qianniangudong”。

  商周石虎

(长28厘米,宽8.88厘米,高20.03厘米)

huiheise,shangyoudalianghuibaisetiaozhuangbanwen,sihuban。huchengwozi,zhijingangshou。zuibadakai,kouneidiaoyouduokeyachi,liangbianzuijiaogeyouyigexiaozuankong。hudekounei、zuibu、huxujian、toudingerjianjietumanzhusha,sezeyanli,xibutezhengbiaoxianxini。

shihuweimengerningli,ziranerzhuopo,jingzhongyoudong,chongmanliliang,shishangzhoushiqibukeduodedeshikeyuandiaoyishujingpin。jinshayizhichutule10jianlitiyuandiaoshihu,junweifuwozhuang,zhizuofangfajibenxiangtong。chutushi,youxieshirenxiangguiyushihuqian,yinggaishiyizhongteshudejisixingwei。

  商周肩扛象牙人形纹玉璋

(长24.5厘米,宽6.0厘米,厚1.2厘米)

huibaise,fanhong,butouming,qibiaozhanfudaliangheiseqinban。pingxingsibianxing,bianping,zhimian,zhouyuanzhili。liangmiankeyouduichengtuan,meizutuanyouyixiangyouceguizuoderenxiang、liangdaozhequwen、sandaozhixianwenzucheng。renxiangweituoyuanxingyan,gaobi,fanger,fangyi,toudaigaoguan,shenzhezhangpao,shuangxizhedi,zuoshouchiwo,jianshangkangyouyiwu,siyigenwanzhengdexiangya。gairenxiangdetoubuyusanxingduiyizhideqingtongrentouxiangjiweixiangsi。zhuanjiacaice,ciwenshibiaoxianlewushijiankangxiangyajinxingjisihuodongdechangjing,jieshilexiangyazaijisizhongdeshiyongfangfa。

yuzhangshigudaijisitiandisifangdeliqizhiyi,zaizhongyuanliuxingyuerlitouwenhuashiqi,daoshangdaibianbutaichangjianle。erzaishudidesanxingduiyizhihejinshayizhizhong,yuzhangquedaliangchuxian。jinshawenhuashuyushangdaiwanqidaoxizhou,zheiyiweizheyuzhangzaizhongyuangedishuailuozhishi,zaigushuguoyouxingshengqilai。yucitongshi,yuzhangyoutongguosichuanpendi,xiangnan、xinan、huanandiqufushe,zuihouchuandaoleguangdongheyuenan。

  陶尖底杯

(口径8.2厘米,通高14.7厘米)

younizhihuitaosuozuo,kouweilian,jianyuanchun,shenhufu,jiandi,sumian。

taojiandibeishidangshiyizhongjiweipubianderichangyongqi,qiqidihuoweixiaopingdi,huoweijiandi,jiebunengzhijiepingfangyudishang,xuyuqizuopeitaoshiyong。zheileiqiwuchulezaichengdoupingyuanfaxianyiwai,zaiexi、zhongqingxiajiangdiqu、shannandiquyeduoyoufaxian。guanyutadegongneng,haiyoudaijinyibuzhengming。jiandileitaoqizhongzuichumingdeshiyangshaojiandiping,xiaokou,gufu,dibuweiyuanzhuixing,bufenfubuyoushuanger,zhuanjiatuicetamenshigurenyonglaidashuidejishuiqi。danxiangbiyuyangshaojiandiping,jinshadejiandibeichangkoujiandi,xingzhipianxiao,meiyoushuangeryebubianxisheng,yinggaibushiyonglaishengshuide。yourentuicetashiyinjiuqihuozhezhiyangongju,buguomuqianhaimeiyouzaigushuwenhuazhongfaxianyuzhiyanyouguanderenhezhengju。

金沙遗址出土了400余件陶器,主要以泥条盘筑而成,制作或精细、或粗糙,但基本都没有纹样装饰。它们大多是盛器,也有酒器,还有的可能是陶制礼器。 (未署名图片与文字资料提供:金沙遗址博物馆)

1.benzhanzunxunxingyeguifan,renhezhuanzaidegaojiandouhuimingquebiaozhuzuozhehelaiyuan;2.benzhandeyuanchuangwenzhang,qingzhuanzaishiwubizhumingwenzhangzuozhehelaiyuan,buzunzhongyuanchuangdexingweiwomenjiangzhuijiuzeren;3.zuozhetougaokenenghuijingwomenbianjixiugaihuobuchong。

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