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金沙遗址:继起的新中心

作者:admin 2020-10-03 我要评论

jinshayizhifaxianjin20nianlai,renmenyizhijiangqishiweishierqiaowenhuadeyigezhongxinjuluo,tongshiyeshisanxingduishuailuozhihou,zaichengdoupingyuanxingqideyigejuyoudouyixingzhidezhongxinjuluo。buguo,suizheyanjiudeshen...

金沙遗址发现近20年来,人们一直将其视为十二桥文化的一个中心聚落,同时也是三星堆衰落之后,在成都平原兴起的一个具有都邑性质的中心聚落。不过,随着研究的深入,越来越多的学者更倾向于将金沙遗址视为一个宗教中心,而非都邑中心。9月6日开启的三星堆遗址新的考古发掘,或将促进人们对三星堆与金沙关系的深入理解。

 

金沙遗址祭祀区位于金沙村一个叫乌木沱的地方,这里曾是摸底河古河道的大拐弯处,由于水流回旋,沉降淤积了很多木头

 

摄影/蔡小川

建筑工地上的新发现

suirankuai20nianguoqule,jinshayizhibowuguanguanzhang,yeshijinshayizhizhuyaofajuechengyuanzhuzhangyi,rengduidangnianyizhidefaxianqingjingjiyiyouxin。

2001nian2yue8ri,yuanxiaojieguohoudiertian,chengdoushiwenwukaoguyanjiusuodezhigongdoubeiladaomianyangkaikaoguguihuahui。wanshanghuiyikaidaoyiban,fusuozhangjiangchengjiedaoyigedianhua,shuochengdouxijiaodeyigejianzhugongdifaxianlexiangyaheshiqidengwenwu。suozhangwangyidangshibianpaifusuozhangjiangzhanghua、zhuzhangyihezhangqingsanren,lianyehuiquchulizheiyitufashijian。

wenwufaxianxianchangweiyuchengdoushixierhuanyuxisanhuanzhijiandeqingyangqusupoxiangjinshacun。zheiyichengxiangjiehebudexiaocunzi,dangshizhenghaozaijianshezhongdedaxingjuminxiaoqu“shufenghuayuancheng”guihuaqunei。daoxianchangqian,zhuzhangyitamendiertianyizaoyizaishiwenwuchukandaolezuixianchutude5jianshibihe1jianshishe、1jianshiguizuorenxiang。xianchangkandaodejingxiangyiranrangrenzhenhan。

“neitiandawumiman,neidifangdaoluyemeixiutong,zhaolebantiancaizhaodao。zaiwajuejiwachudefeichangshendeliangtiaogoulimian,kandaozuiduodehaishixiangya。xiangyataiduole,dishangbaihuahuadedoushi。womenxiadaogoulimian,henduodifanghainengkandaoluchudexiangya,youyigedifangluchushibi、shihuzhilei,lingwaihaifaxianleshaoliangyubi、yuzhang、yugedecanpian。beiwahuaideyuqiboboyipian,hecizhuanmeishenmefenbie,dangshizhenyoucunminzhizheyuqicanpianwenwomen:cizhuannimenyaobuyao?”zhuzhangyixiangwomenhuiyidao。kandaoyuqi,tamenmashangyishidaozheilidezhongyaoxing,yinweizaidangshi,zhenggechengdoupingyuanzhiyouguanghansanxingduineilichutuguoyuqi,dajiahenzirandijiangerzhelianxizaileyiqi。“danshineigedifangdaodishenmexingzhi,dangshiqueshimeiyourenshidao。womenzuizaorenweishimuzang,suoyichutuwenwudezuichubianhaohaishimkaitou,daibiaomuzang,bushiyikaishijiuzuoweijisiyizhi,houlaicaigaiweibianhaol,biaoshiliyiyongqi。”

金沙遗址中一棵3000年前的榕树树根,可以推测,当时这一地区树木参天、植被茂盛

 

jiexialai,kaogugongzuoduidezhongyaorenwujiushiqinglijiwasantuzhongdewenwu,tongshichenglizhuananzuzhuijiaoyijingliusanchuqudewenwu。rujinyidanrenchengdoushiwenguangxinju“feiyi”chuchuzhangdezhangqing,zaidangniandekaogurijizhongxiedao:“congjiwasantuzhongqingliwenwudegongzuoyizhichixudao4yue27ri,qinglichuwenwuda1300yujian,zhi5yue16ri,zhuananzuzhuihuiwenwu111jian。”rujinzaijinshayizhibowuguandisizhantingzhanchudezhenguiwenwu,zhurutaiyangshenniao、jinguandai、xiaodejinmianju、shijieyucong、xiaotongliren、shihu,douqinglizijiwasantu。qizhong,zaitongyitiaoyushuiguandaogouhangtuzhongfaxiandetaiyangshenniao、jinguandai,chutujinglikanchengshenqi。“dangshiguandaogouyijingwahao,guandaoyijingmaihao,bingqieyijingrengonghangzhuguo。”yongzhangqingdehuashuo,zheiliangjianwenwuzaizheiyangdeqingkuangxiahainengwanzhengchutu,zhishaoyaoduoguojijie:wajuejiwatushibubeiwahuai;zaigoubiandetuzhongduifangjigeyuebubeifaxian;rengonghuitianhangzhushibubeifaxianhesunhuai。

“jiwachutudewenwu,qingliyihouyigong1400duojian,womenxianzaishuojinshayizhibowuguande6000duojianwenwu,jiwachutudechabuduozhanlesifenzhiyi。”zhuzhangyihuiyi。

yuqitakaogufajuexiangbi,jinshayizhidaliangzhenguiwenwuzaijiansheshigongchuqibianbeiwachu,jishiyihan,yeshixingyun。yihanzaiyu,youyuweijingyangekaogufajuechengxuchutu,wufanongqingzhunquededicengguanxi,weihouxuyanjiudailaikunrao;xingyundeshi,zhengshiyouyudapizhenguiwenwudefaxian,weiyizhiqujiexialaidedaguimofajueyubaohutigonglebianli。

在金沙遗址祭祀区的第三阶段(2600年前~春秋时期),祭品主要为野猪獠牙、鹿角、少量象牙,也包括美石,这一时期国力走向衰落,祭祀活动也走向衰落

 

2001nianqianhou,chengdouchuzaichengshijianshedegaosufazhanqi,jinshayizhizhoubianhenduotudidouyimaijikaifashang,zhishishangweidonggong。zaikaifajianshedeyalixia,weijinkuainongqingyizhidexingzhihefenbufanwei,chengdoushikaogugongzuoduiduiyizhiquyudeshushichugongdijinxingledaguimokantanhefajue。

jinyibudefajue,henrongyirangrenlianxiangdaomodihebeiande“huangzhongcunyizhi”。cong1995niandao2000nian,chengdoushikaoguduixianhouduihuangzhongcunjinxingguosancifajue,dangshijiangfaxiandezheiyidaxingfangwujizhi、fenbumianjiyue1pingfanggonglideyizhi,dingyiweiyichushangdaiwanqizhixizhouzaoqidianxingdeshierqiaowenhuayizhi。kaoguxueshangde“shierqiaowenhua”yi1985nian12yuezaichengdoushiquxibianfaxiandeshierqiaoyizhimingming,youyuchutuleyizuyijiandibei、jiandizhan、jiandiguan、gaolingguandengweidaibiaodedianxingtaoqi,yizhizuixiacengdewenhuamianmaozhenghaoyusanxingduiyizhizuiwanqiyicunxiangtong,yincibeirenweishichengdoupingyuanjisanxingduiwenhuazhihoudezhongyaokaoguwenhua。buguo,dangmodihenanandejinshayizhibeifaxianhou,“liangchuyizhishuyutongyidayizhidebutongzuchengbufen”chengweigongshi,youyujinshadefaxiangengweiyinrenzhumu,“jinshayizhi”bianchengweizhenggeyizhiqudemingcheng。

“womenfaxianyizhimianjidayue5pingfanggongli。womenshuode5pingfanggongli,buxiangyouxieyizhishizheiliyigedianneiliyigedian,ershijibenkeyishuoshichengpianfenbu,quanbuyourenleijuzhuhuodongdehenji,zheigemianjizaiguoneidayizhizhongdousuanfeichangdade。congyizhimianji、chutudezhenguiwenwulaikan,womendangshidechuyigejielun:jinshayizhikenengshisanxingduizhihougushuguozaishangdaiwanqizhixizhoushiqidedouyisuozaidi。”zhuzhangyishuo。

yuqi、jinqi、qingtongqidengdalianggaodengjiwenwu,jizhongchutuyumodihenananyizhixicede“jisiqu”。yu1986nianzaiguanghansanxingduifaxiandelianggexingzhirengranyoudaishangquede“jisikeng”xiangbi,duijinshayizhi“jisiqu”shuxingdequeding,xiangduimingque。zhuzhangyixiangwojieshi:“shouxianzaizheigequyu,chutuzheipiqiwudefanweihenjizhong;diergezuiguanjiandeshi,jinguanchunqiuwanqi(huoshuojinshayizhizhongwanqi)zheigedifangqueshiyouyipitaoqi,danwomenzaijinshayizhijisihuodongzuifansheng,youdaliangjinqi、yuqi、tongqichutudediceng,quejihumeiyoufaxiantaoqidengshenghuoyongju;lingwaiyidian,suoyouchutudeyuqi,baokuoleisiyugongjudeneipidongxi,meiyourenheshiyonghenji,suoyiwomenrenweikenengyuzongjiaojisiyouguan。”

金沙遗址分布范围示意图

 

youyuyizhidezhongyaoxing,baohugongzuoyehenkuaitishangricheng。tanjidangniansuozuodejigebaohufangan,zhuzhangyisuiranweiwufajiang5pingfanggonglideyizhiququanbubaohuxialaigandaoyihan,dantayeqingchu,dangnianzhengfunengjiang400duomutudihuaweiyizhibaohuyongdi,yishunande。“jinshayizhizishenyeyouyoushi,kenengmingmingzhizhongyaobaohuta。dangshizaibowuguanwaiguihualeyigerangshiminxiuxiandetiyugongyuan,lingwaiyizhiganghaozaimodiheliangan,hedelianganyibandouhuiliubijiaokuandelvhuadai,suoyikaifadikuaihaibushineimeda,duizhengfulaishuodiaozhengnandubushihenda。”

zhuzhangyizhihou,zhangqingshijinshayizhigongzuozhandedierrenzhanzhang,tajihuqinlilesuoyouzhongyaowenwudechutu。yizhijisiquzai2001nianneicifajuezhihou,zai2004nianxiujianbowuguanshiyoujinxingleyicifajue,cihoujiushi2006nianshijiewenhuayichanricengzuoguozhibodeneicixiaoxingwajue。zhangqinghuiyi,2006nian10yue,wangyisuozhangrangtawajue8haojisikeng,yinweizheigekengyiyouwenwuluchu,dangshizhengzaixiujianbowuguandapeng,gongdibutaianquan。buzhishenmeyuanyin,zhengshifajueyanchidaole2007nian2yue8ri,zhengshizaineicifajuezhong,chutuleneijiandadejinmianju。huixiangqilai,neicifajuezhenghaoshijinshayizhifaxian6zhouniandeshijiandian。yeshizaineiyinian,jinshayizhibowuguanjianchengkaiguan。cihou,jisiqumeiyouzaiwa,quanbubaohuleqilai。

rujin,zouzaibowuguandeyizhiqu,renmenrengnengqingxidikandaodangnianshigongsuowadesantiaoshuigou,haiyouneixieduanmianshangluchudexiangya、yuqi。chuanguanerguodemodihe,yuyucongcongdeshumu,haiyoulinmuzhongsiyangdeluqun,rangzheilichongmanyizhideqixi。

金沙遗址博物馆馆长朱章义(左)和成都市文广新局非遗处处长张擎,两人当年都是金沙遗址的主要发掘者

 

三星堆与金沙,两个遗址有什么关系?

jinshayizhizuichushoudaozhongshi,shiyinweifaxianleciqianzhiyousanxingduiyizhicaifaxiandeyuqi。suizhekaogufajuedezhankai,lianggeyizhizhongbufenqiwudexiangsixing,yuelaiyueyinqirenmendeguanzhu:sanxingduiyizhiyujinshayizhijiujingyoushenmeguanxi?

zhangqiyanjiusanxingduiyizhidebeijingdaxuekaoguwenboxueyuanxueshuweiyuanhuizhurensunhua,zaijinshayizhichutudexuduoyusanxingduiyizhiyoulianxideqiwuzhong,faxianzuizhidezhuyideyouliangjian:xiaotonglirenxianghejinguandai。touguojinshayizhibowuguandebolichuang,wokandaoyanqiandexiaotonglirenxianggaobuguoshijilimi,yusanxingduijinggao172limidedatonglirenxiangbuketongrieryu。xiaotonglirenxiangnaohouchuizhesangubianfazuchengdezhangbian,toudaikenengxiangzhengtaiyangdemaoquan,shenchuanzhangguoshuangxidezhangxiuzhangyi,yaodaishangchayouyibingduanzhang,shuangshouwoquanjuyuxiongqian。sunhuazixiduibiliangjiantonglirenxianghou,faxian“tongrendejibenzaoxingheshentaiyusanxingduierhaokengdatonglirenxiangxiangtong,erchuidouyouguaerhuandechuankong,shuangshouyedoujuyuxiongqian;dansanxingduidatonglirenxiangtoudaishuangyanxingdemaozi,fashiweidaifajidejifa,yaoshangmeiyouchaquanzhang,zheiqueshibutongyujinshaxiaotonglirenxiangde。”

jinguandaihexiaotonglirenxiangdoushizaijinshayizhizuichudejiwatuzhongfaxian。zhangqinghuiyidangshidechutuxijie:“jinguandaishicongyizhiyushuiguandaogouyijinghuitiandehangtuzhongwachu。dangshizhengyaofajuedeshihou,wangdashuai(dangshidekaoguduiduizhangwangyi)zhenghaodaizhedianshitaidejizheguolai,jieguofaxianjinguandaidewenshiyusanxingduiyizhiquanzhangshangdewenshiyimoyiyang。faxiandeshihoushiwanqude,congtulibaoluchulaidejiushiyigendaizi,houlaicaiyishidaokeyiweihe,liangbianchakouzhenghaokeyiduishang。weiheqilaihouyitoudayitouxiao,womenrenweihuibuhuishimaozishangdezhuangshi,suoyidangshimingmingweijinguandai。”jinguandaishangdetuanzuheyirenmian(shenmian)、niao、yu、jiangeyizuoweiyigegoutudanyuan,jianchazaiyushenshang,biaoxiandeshichongniaosheyudesixiang。yujinguandaixiangbi,sanxingduihuangjinzhangshangdetuanyirenmian(shenmian)、niao、yu、jiangeerweiyigegoutudanyuan,renmiantuangengweijuxiang。

金沙遗址祭祀区全景。其中供参观者行走的布道,正是当年施工建设中挖掘机挖出的水沟,祭祀区绝大部分精美的文物,均清理自机挖土中

 

lianggeyizhidelianxibujinyuci,sunhuagaosuwo:“jinshayizhidechengshifangzhaosanxingduidecheng,beimianshishisukongjian,nanmianshizongjiaokongjian。lingwaitamendeyixieqiyongzhiduyehenxiangsi。sanxingduilimiandeyixiedongxi,juedabufenzaijinshayenengkanjian,baokuotamenyixiejuyouzongjiaoxingheshenmixingdedongxi,birushuotumujianerdeshenxiang,jinshasuiranmeiyoudashenxiang,danxiaoshenxiangzaoxingdouyiyang。sanxingduiyizhiyoushoubeikunzhedeshiguirenxiang,youshishe、shihu,haiyoutoushangbianfaxiangyibenfankaideshudeshirenxiang,zaijinshayechangjian,erqiegengduo。suoyilianggedifangdebeitongzhijiejishiyizhide。henduoshangcengjianzhudedongxiyeyizhi。birushuotamendouchongbaitaiyangshen,suoyijinshafaxiantaiyangshenniaodejinshiwu,faxiantumujianerdeshenxiang,neizhongleisizhengzaizuojisihuodongdexiaotongren,yijidaiyouzuqunbiaozhidefuhao,buguoyigezaijinzhangshang,yigezaijinguandaishang,suoyishuomingerzhezhuyaozuqunshixiangtongde。dangran,taoqiyexianshileqiangliedejichengxing。suoyouzheixie,doushuomingjinshayizhishichengdoupingyuanjisanxingduiwenhuayihouxingqidelingyigewenhuazhongxin。” 

tongguoduisanxingduilianggeqiwukengchutudedaliangqingtongrenxiangdebiduifenxi,sunhuafaxiansanxingduidetongzhijiecengmingxianfenweibianfahejifalianggezuqun,qianzhedaibiaodeshizhangwoxingzhengquanlihuojunshiquanlideshisuguizu,houzhedaibiaodeshizhangwojisidengzongjiaoquanlideshenzhiguizu。daolejinshashiqi,wulunshixiaotonglirenxianghaishidiweidixiadeshuangshoufanfudeshiguirenxiang,doushibianfaerweijianjifa。

zheizhongbianhuashiruhexingchengde?congsanxingduiyizhidefeiqidaojinshayizhidexingqi,jiujingfashengleshenme?

金沙遗址出土的小青铜立人,基本造型和神态与三星堆2号坑大铜立人像相同,只是后者头戴双眼形的帽子,发饰为戴发笄的笄发,腰上没有插权杖

 

xiangduiwaizuruqinshuo、zaibianshuo,sunhuagengxiangxinzheishisanxingduiwangguoneibuchongtudechanwu,“youyusanxingduishiyoulianggezuqunlianhezhizhengdegudaiguojia,lianhezhizhengyunhanzheyizhongpingheng,pinghengyidapojiurongyichuxianwenti”。

zaiguanghanhechengdoucaifangqijian,rangwozuigankunhuodeshisanxingduiwenhuadefenqiwenti。genjumuqiansuojianlidechengdoupingyuanxianqinkaoguxuewenhuaxulie,anshijianxianhouyicifenweibaodunwenhua(qian2600~qian2000)、yufucunwenhua(qian2000~qian1600)、sanxingduiwenhua(qian1800~qian1200)、shierqiaowenhua(qian1200~qian900)、xinyicunwenhua(qian900~qian500)、qingyanggongwenhua(qian500~100)。bulunshimamuheliangandesanxingduiyizhi,haishimodiheliangandejinshayizhi,douyoufengfudexianqinwenhuaduiji——qianzhezhishaobaohancongbaodunwenhuadaoshierqiaowenhuadewenhuaduiji;houzhezebaohancongbaoduncunwenhuadaoxinyicunwenhuadewenhuaduiji。zaichengdouwenwukaoguyanjiuyuandebangongshili,fuyuanzhangjiangzhanghuagaosuwo,muqiansanxingduiwenhuaheshierqiaowenhuafenqidehunluan,zhuyaoyuanyuyixiexuezhejiangyizhiwenhuaduijiyuzhutiwenhuaduijihuntongle。

“shierqiaowenhuajieduandejinshayizhi,shishierqiaowenhuadeyigezhongxinjuluo,zheiyangmiaoshubijiaozhunque。muqianlaikan,jinshayizhishisanxingduiwenhuashuailuozhihou,zaichengdoufujinxingqideyigejuyoudouyixingzhidezhongxinjuluo。danshijinshayusanxingduizhijiandeguanxijiujingruhe,haiyaokangengxizhideyizhifenqihegezhongyicunniandaidefenqi,laiduibitamenshizenmeyihuishi。”jiangzhanghuashuo。

2019nianyilai,zaisanxingduiyuanlaiyi、erhaoqiwukengfujinfaxiande6geqiwukeng,yijijijiangkaishidexindefajue,youjierzheguanxidechanshidailailexindeyiwenyukeneng。jiangzhanghuabiantandaolezijideyiwen:“sanxingduiyihaokengchutudetaoqi,jiuyoushierqiaowenhuadedongxi。erqiezuijinyaowade6gekeng,bineigeyihaokenghaiwan,tangoulimianchutudetaoqijiushishierqiaowenhuadetaoqi,haiyoujiandibei。suoyiwomenhaibuqingchu,daoleshierqiaowenhuazaoqideshihou,sanxingduidouyijiujingshuailuomeiyou?zheixiekengdezhurendaodishishei?youmeiyoukeneng,tamenbenshenjiushishierqiaowenhuadezhuren?yaobunizenmelijie,daoleshierqiaowenhuashiqi,tamenhaishiyaoyongzheitaodongxi?shijishangzheige‘jisikeng’,jiuxiangdangyucongsanxingduiwenhuadaoshierqiaowenhuadeguoduqi。”

金沙遗址复原后的普通建筑,与成都平原当时建筑相仿,均为木骨泥墙,整个遗址区目前共发现三座大型建筑和上百座普通建筑基址

 

kaogugongzuozhecengzaishanxinanbuhanshuiliuyudechengyangtongqijiqun、chengguxianbaoshanyizhi、ziyangxianbaimashiyizhidengdi,faxianleyusanxingduiwenhuamoqiyicunheshierqiaowenhuayicunxiangtongdetongqihetaoqi。zaiqinlingbeipodebaojizhuyuangouhenanpobaofengaidaonanduandefengxianguyizhi,renmenyefaxianlesumianwuwenshidetaojiandiguan、jiandizhandengdianxingdeshierqiaowenhuataoqi,lingwaizaibaojizhuyuangouherujiazhuanggongyuguomuzangyefaxianlexuduodianxingdeshierqiaowenhuatongqihetaoqi。

ruhekandaizheizhongwenhuadeliubu?zaisunhuamiaoshudesanxingduiwangguodeshuaiwangtujingzhong,sanxingduirendeyizhichuanyuedabashanxijinruhanshuiliuyu,jinerjinruguanzhong;liuzaichengdoupingyuandeyizhiqianwangchengdoushiquyidai,cuchenglejinshayizhizhongxindexingsheng。

raner,ruhelijiezaisanxingduiwenhuamoqibianchuxiandeshierqiaowenhuayinsu,huozheshuo,shierqiaowenhuajiujingshiruhexingqide?

1985nian12yue,shierqiaoyizhibeifaxianshi,canyuwajuedejiangzhanghuahaishisichuandaxuelishixikaoguxuezhuanyedexuesheng。1986nian,tazaidaxuebiyehoubianjiaruchengdoushibowuguankaogudui,zaishierqiaoyizhiyizhifajuedao1989nian。“gangfaxianshierqiaodeshihou,duitadeniandairenshibuqing,zaijiashangshierqiaowenhuazhongbenshenbianyouyixiesanxingduiwenhuashiqidetaoqi,dangshirenweijiushisanxingduishiqidewenhua。1995nianwoganghaowalexinyicun,walebaodun,houlaihenkuaixieleyipianwenzhang《chengdoupingyuanxianqinwenhuachulun》,shitutongguokaoguxuejianlichengdoupingyuanwenhuabiannianxulie,bashierqiaowenhuafenlechulai。”jiangzhanghuahuiyi。

2001nianyihou,jiangzhanghuakaishiguanzhusanxiadiqudekaoguyanjiu,zaixunzhaobawenhuadeyuantoushi,tayouleyiwaidefaxian,tadejieshishi:sanxingduiwenhuaxiangshierqiaowenhuazhuanbiandegenbenyuanyinshiexidiqubarendexiqian,yibufenbarenqianruchengdoupingyuanyusanxingduirenqunronghe。“zhongyuandiqudeerlitouwenhua,tongguozhangjiangzhongyoujinrusanxingdui,yingxiangdaosanxingduiwenhua。danerlitouwenhuabingmeiyouzaizhangjiangzhongyoutingliuhenjiu,henkuaishangwenhuajiuxingqi,zaizhangjiangzhongyouqiangshixiangnankuozhang,xingchengpanlongchengdengyizhi。danshishangrenqueduiexizheikuaidiqumeiyouxingqu,suoyiexidiqujiubaoliuleerlitouwenhuadedongxi。sanxingduiyouzaichengdoupingyuan,suoyijileexidiqufazhanzijituzhuwenhuadejihui。exidiqudexianglushiwenhuahenkuaifazhanchujiandibei、huandiguanzheitaodongxi,genwomenhoulaijinshashierqiaowenhuadedongxixiangsi。danshizheigewenhuahenqiguai,yinxuyiqihouzaiexidiquturanxiaoshidewuyingwuzong;tazaiexidiquxiaoshidetongshi,queyouzaisichuanpendibaokuoshannandiqudaliangchuxian,erzheigeshihouzhengshisanxingduiwenhuameiluo、shierqiaowenhuaxingqideshihou。”

迄今为止,金沙遗址共发现3000多座墓葬,其朝向均为西北-东南向

 

是都邑,还是祭祀中心?

buguanshisanxingduirendeqianxi,haishibarendexiqian,zongzhiyusanxingduiwenhuadejuluofenbuxiangbi,kaogujierenwei,yijinshayizhiweizhongxindeshierqiaowenhuajuluofenbumingxiangengweiguangfan,renkougengweixingsheng。

zhuzhangyizaiyizhifajueguochengzhongfaxian,jinshayizhijisiquyanxushijianfeichangzhang,da1000duonianyishang。genjukaogudicengyuchutuwenwufenxi,jinshayizhijisiqudejisihuodong,zhishaofenweisangejieduan:zaoqijieduan(3400nianqian~3200nianqian),jipinzhuyaoyishiqiweizhu,youshaoliangxiangya、yuqi;dierjieduan(3200nianqian~2600nianqian),douchengyicongsanxingduiqianxidaojinsha,jipinbaokuojinqi、yuqi、qingtongqi、shiqi,zheiyeshijisihuodongzuiweixingshengdejieduan;disanjieduan(2600nianqian~chunqiushiqi),jipinzhuyaoweiyezhuliaoya、lujiao、shaoliangxiangya,yebaokuomeishi,kenengzheiyishiqiguolizouxiangshuailuo,jisihuodongyezouxiangshuailuo。

zhangqinggaosuwo,jinshayizhijisiquzhuyaoweiyujinshacunyigejiao“wumutuo”dedifang。zheilicengshimodiheguhedaodedaguaiwanchu,youyushuiliuhuixuan,chenjiangyujilehenduomutou。zaihuandiguanmiaohuidejisiqubianqianzhong,jinsharenzuizaojiuzaimodihenananjisi,jisiwanhoubianbajipinrengdaohezhong,huozheyanmaiyuhetan。zheizhongqingkuangdagaichixuleliangsanbainian。houlai,tamenyoucongbiededifangqutu,zaihetanshangduijichuyigegaoyuhedaodiyuheandepingtai,zaipingtaishangjinxingjisi,jisiwanhou,bajipinmairuhetan,huozaipingtaiwakengyanmai。zheiyiguochengzhong,tamenhaizaipingtaishangxiujianlejiugenzhuzidejisitai。zaihoulai,jisishizhujianxianghedaolishenru。qianhouchixushangqiannian。zhengyinweizairucimanzhangdeshiduanli,renmenbuduanwatutiantu,zaijiashanghetanbenshengaodibuping,hongshuichongjihouyoufashengbianhua,daozhijinshayizhijisiqudedicengguanxifeichangfuza。

zhuzhangyigaosuwo,zaihoulaisuozuodetianwenxuekaoguzhong,dajiajingyadifaxian,jinshayizhijisiqujisitaizhangbiandefangxiang,zhenghaoshidongzhineitianrichudefangxiang。zheiyeshiyizhizhongxuduomuzang、chengdoushibushaolaojiedefangxiang。

keyixiangxiangdeshi,sanxingduirenqianxidaomodihepangdejinshacunshi,neilibingfeibumaozhidi,ershiyigeyijingyouzheyoujiuchuantongdejisiqu。

jinguancongxuduoqiwulaikan,jinsharenhesanxingduirenrenggongxiangzheyitaoshenquanjiazhifuhaohexinyangtixi,buguobianhuasihuzaiqiaoranfashengzhe。chuleshenghuotaoqidegenbenbianhuawai,jinshayizhizhongyijingkanbudaoneizhongwaixinghongdazhuangyandeqingtongqiwu。zaijiangzhanghuakanlai,zheizhongbianhuadegengdakenengzaiyu,zaizheiyishiqidejinsha,shisuzhengzhiquanlizaibuduanzengqiang,erzongjiaoyingxianghenkenengzaijiangdi。“sanxingduidezheitaoliyiyongqiweishenmeyaozuozheimeda?kenengyinweizheiyishiqishehuicanyumianguang,jiuxiangwomenjintianjiqianrenkaihui,duoyuandounengkandao,youzhenhanli;jinshashihouzuodexiao,kenengshehuicanyumianmeiyouneimeguang,zhuyaoshiyixieshenzhirenyuancanyujisi,yebuxuyaozuoneimejuyouzhenhanlidedongxi。”

zaichengdoushikaoguyanjiuyuandebangongshi,jinshayizhizhuyaofajuezhejibaogaozhenglizhe、yanjiuyuanzhouzhiqinggaosuwoyouguanjinshayizhideyidaduishuju:zai5pingfanggonglideyizhifanweinei,daomuqianweizhi,qiangjiuxingfajueyou100duochu。zaijisiqubaohufanweiwai,96%dequyujinxinglefajue,fajuezongmianjidadao25wanpingfangmi。zaijisiquwai,haizaimodihebeianfaxianlebeichengwei“gongdian”desanzuodaxingjianzhujizhi,3000duozuomuzang,8000duogehuikeng,200duozuotaoyao,yijikeyiquerendeyibanjianzhu100duozuo。

zaijinshayizhifenbutushang,renmennengqingxidikandaomodihenanandedapianjisiqu,beianhuangzhongcunduozuodaxingjianzhujizhisuozaide“gongdianqu”,yiji“gongdianqu”fujindedapianmudi,haiyouqijianlianpiandeshenghuoyiji。fengongmingquedegongnengqukuaisihuzaigaosurenmen,cengjingdejinshawangguo,duomeshengjiyishi。

zhishi,zhouzhiqingduijinshayizhimuqiandeyanjiuxianzhuangbingbumanyi:“2001nianzhihou,womenzuizhongyaoderenshidoulaiziwajuejiwachulaideyipijingmeiwenwu。neipidongxichulaiyihou,womendezhuanjiaxuezhejiuduiyizhidexingzhidingxingle,zheiyeshi20nianlaiwomenduijinshayizhiderenshimeiyoujinyibutupodeyuanyin。”

shishishang,baokuojiangzhanghuazaineideyixiexuezhe,yiduijinshayizhide“douyishuo”yousuohuaiyi。“womenruguoshuojinshashidouyi,neimeyoujigebuhelidedifang:yishijinshayizhisuozaidiweiyushierqiaowenhuajuluomijifenbuqu(douzaipixian、xinjiangneiyidai)dedongnanbianyuan,erbushizhongxinweizhi,zheisihubuliyuzhengzhikongzhi;ershijinshayizhiyifaxian3000yuzuomuzang,quemeiyoufaxianyizuogaodengjimuzang,zheixiemuzangmeiyoumingxiandediweixuanshutexing,erqieduoweiyujuzhuqufujin,shenzhiyujuzhuquzhongdie;sanshijinshayizhifaxiandedaxingjianzhuqungengxiangshizongmiaoxingzhidejianzhu。zheigejuluodexingshengyutadejisitixiyouguan,zheitaozongjiaoyishihuodongxingshengdeshihou,juluojiuhenxingsheng;zongjiaohuodongshuailuodeshihou,juluojiuhenshuailuo。zheishuomingyigewenti,zheigejuluocunzaidejichujiushizongjiaojisi。suoyi,wojiurenweitahenkenengshizongjiaozhongxin。huibuhuizaizheigeshiqi,tadezongjiaozhongxinheshisuquanlizhongxinbuzaiyikuai?buxiangsanxingduishigaoduzhonghezaiyiqi。”jiangzhanghuashuo。

congsanxingduidaojinsha,kaolvdaononghoudechuanchengsecai,jinshayizhizuoweiyigezhengzhizhongxin,queshizhongmeiyoufaxianchengqiang,zheiyerangrennanyilijie。jiusuanshi“dadouwucheng”,beibianhuangzhongcunneixiebeishiwei“gongdian”dedaxingjianzhu,gesanwushimijiushidapipingminmuzang,sihuyebutaiheli。

youyisideshi,zaijinshayizhijisizuiweifanshengdeshiqi,juliyizhidongbei8gonglidedifang,haiyouyizuofaxianyushangshiji50niandaideyangzishantutaiyizhi。zai《jinshayizhijisiquchutuwenwujingcui》yishudeqianyanzhong,zhouzhiqingxiedao:“jinshayizhijisiquweijianduixiangongxianwangchongbai,shuomingjisiqukenengshiyichuzhuanmenjisiziranshenzhideshengdi,jisiduixiangzhuyaoshitaiyang、shanchuan、heliu、tudideng;zheiyuyangzishantutaihesanxingduijisikengweidaibiaodejisifangshiheduixiangyouzhemingxiandechayi,zheizhongchayixingzhengshishangzhoushiqigushurenjisichuantongfuzaerduoyuandefanying。”

kaoguyanjiu,gengxiangshiyigegezaixianyourenshijichushangxingchengdejiashuo。“ruguojianglaihainengfaxianyixieshierqiaowenhuadezhengzhizhongxin,huozheqitadifangdeyixiedaxingwangmu,wodejiashuokenengjiubijiaowanshanle。woxianzaiyougetuice,ruguohaiyoulingwaiyigezhengzhizhongxin,henyoukenengjiuzaipixian、xindouzheiyidai,yinweizheiyidaishierqiaowenhuayizhitebiemiji。”jiangzhanghuashuo。

bansuisanxingduiyizhixindekaogufajue,congsanxingduidaojinsha,neixieguanyugushuwenmingdemituanhuoxunengdedaogengduojieshi,daijirenmengengduoxinderenshi。


1.benzhanzunxunxingyeguifan,renhezhuanzaidegaojiandouhuimingquebiaozhuzuozhehelaiyuan;2.benzhandeyuanchuangwenzhang,qingzhuanzaishiwubizhumingwenzhangzuozhehelaiyuan,buzunzhongyuanchuangdexingweiwomenjiangzhuijiuzeren;3.zuozhetougaokenenghuijingwomenbianjixiugaihuobuchong。

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