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三星堆遗址重要出土文物

作者:admin 2020-10-03 我要评论

zhengli/yueying yihaoshenshu (shugancangao359limi,tonggao396limi) erhaokengchutule8keqingtongshenshu,qizhongyihaoshenshuxiufudezuiweiwanzheng,yeshimuqianquanshijiefaxiandezuidadedanjianqingtongwenwu。tayou...

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一号神树

(树干残高359厘米,通高396厘米)

erhaokengchutule8keqingtongshenshu,qizhongyihaoshenshuxiufudezuiweiwanzheng,yeshimuqianquanshijiefaxiandezuidadedanjianqingtongwenwu。tayoujizuoheshuganliangbufenzucheng,jizuoweiyuanxingdipan,qishangyongsanchazhijiajiaohuichengyigeshanxingshuzuo,shuzuoshanghuiyoujingmeideyunqiwen,yuyi“shenshan”。shuzhuyu“shenshanzhidian”zhengzhong,zhuorantingba。shufensanceng,meicengsanzhishuzhi,gong9zhi;meizhishangyouyiyangyichuiliangguozhi,guozhishanglishenniao,quanshugong27meiguoshi,9zhifeiniao。shuceyouyitiaoyuanshuerxiadezhanglong。

shenshudeshudingyijingcanduan,tuiceshangmianyingliyouyizhishenniao,youcizhengshugongyou10zhifeiniao,duiyingyuangude“shirishenhua”:chuanshuocongqiandongbianyouyizhijudadefusangshu,shi10zhitaiyangshenniaodeqixizhisuo,meitianzaoshangyouyizhitaiyangshenniaocongfusangshushangfeirukongzhong,wanshangluoxiaxiuxi,gouchengbairiyuheiye。guanyushudeneihan,xuejiekanfabuyi,dandadoujiangqijiedingwei“shenshu”,renweitashigudaichuanshuozhongfusang、jianmu、ruomudengshenshudefuhexingchanwu,qizhuyaogongnengshi“tongtian”。

  青铜大立人像

(人像高180厘米,通高260.8厘米)

xiancunzuigao、zuiwanzhengdeqingtonglirenxiang,beiyuwei“shijietongxiangzhiwang”。caiyongfenduanjiaozhufaqianzhuercheng,shentizhongkong,fenrenxianghedizuoliangbufen,chutushirenxiangcongyaobuduanweiliangjie,houjingxiufu。renxiangdayan、zhibi、fangyi、daer,toudaigaoguan,shenchuanzhaixiuyubanbeishigongsancengyi,yishangwenshifanfujingli,yilongwenweizhu,fupeiniaowen、chongwenhemuwendeng,shenpeifanggewendaishi。qishuangshouhuanwozhongkong,liangbeilvechenghuanbaozhuanggoushiyuxiongqian,sichiyoumouzhongfaqi。jiaodaizuzhuo,chizuzhanliyufangxingguaishouzuoshang。

renxiangduanzhuangsumu,zhuanjiatuicekenengshiyidaishuwanghuoqunwuzhizhang,huoshiliangzhongshenfenjianeryouzhi,xiangzhengzheshenquanyuwangquanjiehedezuigaoquanli。haiyourenrenweiqixingxiangkusihanyuguwenzizhong“shi”zidezixing,yingjiangqijieduwei“lishi”,jijuyouzhuchijishenyishidezhujizhehezuoweishenlingxiangzhengdeshoujizhedeshuangzhongshenfen。qisuozhanlidefangtai,yinggaixiangzhengzhejisidedaochang——shentanhuoshenshan。erduiyutashouzhongjiujingchiyouhezhongfaqi,xuejieweidachenggongshi,yourenrenweishiyucong,yourenrenweishiquanzhang,yourenrenweishidaxiangya,haiyourenrenweitashenmeyemeina,zhishiyongshouzaikongzhonghuiwu,shijisizhongdeyizhongtedingzitai。

  金杖

(全长142厘米,直径2.3厘米)

yichutudezhongguotongshiqijinqizhongtiliangzuidadeyijian。xiyongjintiaochuidachengjinpihou,zaibaojuanzaimuzhangshang。chutushimuzhangyitanhua,jincunjinpi,jinpineicanliutanhuademuzha。jinzhangdeyiduanpingdiaoyiduanzhang46limidetuan,tuangongfensanzu:kaojinduantoudeyizushilianggeqianhouduichengderentoutuxiang,rentoumiandaiweixiao,toudaiwuchigaoguan,liangergechuiyifusanjiaoxingerzhui;kaojinzhangneibudeliangzutuandazhixiangtong,shangfangshiliangzhitoubuxiangduideniao,xiafangshiliangtiaobeibuxiangduideyu,zainiaodejingbuheyudetoubuyayouyizhiyujian,jiantoushencharuyutounei。

guanyutuandeneirong,yourenrenweixiangzhengzhechongyuhechongniaodelianggebuzulianmeng,xingchengleyufuwangchao;haiyourenrenweiyuniaoxiangzhengzheshuwangnengshangtianrudi,goutongrenshen。guanyujinzhangdexingzhiyou“wangzhangshuo”“fazhangshuo”“jizhangshuo”“faqishuo”dengduozhongkanfa。duoshuxuezheqingxiangyurenweijinzhangshigushuguozhengjiaoheyitizhixiade“wangzhezhiqi”,xiangzhengzhewangquanyushenquan。

  青铜纵目大面具

(高66厘米,宽138厘米)

zaisanxingduichutudezhongduoqingtongmianjuzhong,dangshuerhaokengchutudesanjianqingtongzongmumianjuzaoxingzuiweiqite,tamenbeiyanjiuzhegenjudaxiaofenweia、bliangxing,zaoxingdatixiangtongerlveyouchayi。ciweibxingmianju,qixingjiaoda。gaimianjumeijianshangtiao,shuangyanxiezhang,yanqiujidukuazhang,chengzhuzhuangxiangqianzongtushenchuda16limi,shuangerxiangliangcechongfenzhankai,gubeichengwei“qianliyan”“shunfenger”。duanbiliang,koukuoershen,siweilushejian,zuoshenmiweixiaozhuang。qiebuzhengzhongyouyifangkong,kenengyuanlaizhuyoujingmeideeshi,keyixiangxiangtayuanlaidezhengtixingxianggengweijingjuexiongqi。

zheizunmianjudechaoxianshifenggeshiqijuyouqiangliedeshenmisecai,muqianzhuliukanfaqingxiangyurenweitashiyizhongrenshentongxing、renshenheyideyixiangzaoxing,shigushurendezuxianshenzaoxiang。

  青铜跪坐人像

(高14.6厘米,宽8.2厘米)

gairenxiangfashipojuminzutese,toufacongqianwanghoushu,zaixiangqianjuan。kuanlianfangyi,shuangyanyuandeng,zhengshiqianfang,zhangkouluchi,shentaiyansu,yunleiwenjianzhifanger,erchuichuankong。guizuo,shuangshoufuxi。shangshenchuanyourenjiaolingzhangxiuduanyi,yaobuxidailiangzhou;xiashenzhe“dubiku”,yiduanxiyuyaoqian,lingyiduanfanxiyubeihouyaodaixia。shouwandaizhuo,zushangtaowa。

guizuozishishishangzhoushiqiqijuyugongfengzuxian、jisishentiandengzhengshichanghedejuzhiyijie,guijianwubie。“dubiku”zaigudaiyibanweipinjianzhesuochuan,guyouxuezherenweiqiweinulixiang。danqingtongzaidangshiweizhongyaowuzi,yonglaiweixiacengrenwusuxiangdekenengxingbuda,daizhuo、taowayouxianshiqishenfensihubingbuxunchang,guyeyouxuezherenweitabiaoxiandeshizuojisiqidaodewuzhuxingxiang。

  金箔虎形

(通长11.6厘米,高6.7厘米)

xiyongjinbochuituochengxing,biantiyayin“mu”zixingdehubanwen。hutouangqi,zhangkouzuopaoxiaozhuang,yanbuloukong,qianzushen,houzudun,weishangjuan,chengbenpaozhuang。jinhuchengbanyuanxing,kenengyuanlaishizhantieyuqitaqiwushangdeshijian。

huxingfuhaoshibashufuhaozhongzuichangjiandeyizhong,sanxingduichutudehenduowenwudouyuhuyouguan,fanyinglegushurenduihudechongbai。zhongguogudaiminzuduoyouchonghudexisu,《houhanshu·nanmanxinanyiliechuan》zhongjizailebarenzuxianlinjunhunpohuaweibaihudegushi,fanyinglebashuxianrenduihudechongbaiyuzuxianchongbaidejiehe。

  青铜人身形牌饰

(背部上宽17厘米,下宽17.6厘米,高34厘米,通高46.4厘米)

sanxingduichutuwenwuzhongzuishenmideqiwuzhiyi,rujinrenmenbujinmeiyoulijieqiyuyiyugongneng,lianfangzhifangfayebunengqueding。

zhengqizaoxingposiyiwutouwushouzhirenti,shangburuchuanyipaozhirenshen,xiayoushuangbing,sishuangtui,tuiqianneiao,xiaduanshituxianwen。qishenmanshituan,zhutiwenshiweiliangzudaozhidebianxingguanniaowen,niaohuizhangjidengshen。gurenrenweiguanniaofeichangshenqi,tanenggouyuzhixiayu,shifenjijing,《zuochuan》haijilulemofangguanniaochengqunfeixiangdejunzhen——“guanzhen”。tongpaiyiguanniaoweizhuti,yexushigushurenxiwangjiquqililiang。haiyouxuezherenweigaitongpaibiaoxiandeshiminshandexingtai,tongpaideshuangbingxiangzhengzheminshanshangderuomu。haiyourenrenweizheishiyijianjisiyongpin。

zhiyufangzhifangfa,rujiangzhengqilijieweiyirenxing,yingjiangqituichaoxiafangzhi,danzheiyangguanniaotuanchengdaozhizhuangtai。qietongpaibudaibingdeyiduanyouyidaojiaokuandebianyuan,sanxingduizhongyouzheizhongkuanyandeqitaqiwujunkuanyanzaixia。tongpaideliangbingsuixingsirentui,danshangyouaocao,bufuherentuidetezheng。suoyiyourenrenweigaiqiwuyinggailiangbingchaoshangfangzhi。

  金面人头像

(高11.3厘米,残宽21.5厘米)

sanxingduichutule6jianjinmianzhao,qizhong4jiandaizaiqingtongrentouxiangshang,2jiandanducunzai。houzhexingzhuangyuzhizuogongyiyuqianzhexiangtong,yingshicongmoujianqingtongrentouxiangshangtuoluode,dankaoguxuezherujinhaimeiyouzhaodaotamendezhuren。

rentouxiangsuodaijinmianzhaoxiyongjinkuaichuituochengjinpi,ranhouyizhaorentouxiangsuzao,shangqie,xiabaoyi,zuoyouliangcezhaoer,erchuichuankong,yan、meiloukongluchu,mianzhaoyurentouxiangzhijiancaiyongshengqidiaoheshihuizuoweinianheji。sanxingduichutule50duojianqingtongrentouxiang,jinyou4jiandaihuangjinmianzhao,houzheyingjuyouteshudeshenfendiwei。

shijieshangzuizaodehuangjinmianzhaofaxianyumeisuobudamiya,guaijiheguxilayeyouhuangjinmianzhaochutu,sanxingduichutudehuangjinmianzhaoyuhouzhewaixingxiangsi,youxuezhetuiduansanxingduishoudaolezhong、xiyadiquwenhuadeyingxiang,youcituiceshangdaizhongguoxinandiquyuzhong、xiyadiquyicunzaiwenhuajiaoliu。danyeyouxuezherenweihuangjinmianzhaoshigushuqingtongwenmingdechanwu,weishouwailaiwenhuayingxiang。

1.benzhanzunxunxingyeguifan,renhezhuanzaidegaojiandouhuimingquebiaozhuzuozhehelaiyuan;2.benzhandeyuanchuangwenzhang,qingzhuanzaishiwubizhumingwenzhangzuozhehelaiyuan,buzunzhongyuanchuangdexingweiwomenjiangzhuijiuzeren;3.zuozhetougaokenenghuijingwomenbianjixiugaihuobuchong。

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