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瑷珲的庚子年(五):左岸的大屠杀

作者:admin 2020-10-17 我要评论

shoushanjiangjun(fotoegongtu) 《hongloumeng》diqishisihui,yiyouchunyoujuedexingfurenweizhudao,yiqipeifangdaxianfeng,zujianleyigechaojianxiaofendui,chengyeturudaguanyuan,congyihongyuan、xiaoxiangguankaishi,fanxiang...

寿山将军(FOTOE供图)

 

《hongloumeng》diqishisihui,yiyouchunyoujuedexingfurenweizhudao,yiqipeifangdaxianfeng,zujianleyigechaojianxiaofendui,chengyeturudaguanyuan,congyihongyuan、xiaoxiangguankaishi,fanxiangdaoju,suoxiangpimi,daoletanchunyuanzhongcaizaodaofanji。sanguniangzhizhiletamendesoucha,bingtongqiechenci:“kezhizheiyangdazurenjia,ruocongwaitoushalai,yishishishabuside,zheishigurencengshuode‘baizuzhichong,sierbujiang’,bixuxiancongjializishazimieqilai,cainengyibaitudi!”yigehaomenbailuoshiruci,daqingdemoqiyeshiruci。

zi1898nianqi,daqingchaotingyuyipobibukan:baojiahuhangdegongqinwangsile,zichaoweibiaohujiangdelihongzhangzaicikaobianzhan,guangxudijiyubiangetuqiang,danxingshicaoqiechongdong,henkuaibeiboduojingu,kangliangchutao,tansitongdengliujunzixuejiancaishikou;lieqiangzefenfenyizujiedemingyigeliehuaxiaguotu,deguozhanlingjiaozhouwan,yingguozhanlingweihaiwei,faguozhanlingguangzhouwan……yigangyuqingchaojieweitongmengdeshaezuiweikee,buguangzhanlinglelvshun、dalian,haijiangzujiedidingming“guandongzhou”,xingjianzongdufu,yihaijunzhongjiangaliekexieyefuweizongdu。jiliepaiwaideyihetuankaishizaishandong、hebeidengshengxingqi,yizaofanheshayangrenkaishi,jianjiandachu“fuqingmieyang”deqihao,erqingtingshijiaoshifu,cixitaihoulianzhannongquan,wuqingzhushachaozhongzhengzhiganyanzhishi,guoshizhiyumilan。

cishishurenheilongjiangjiangjundeshishoushan。jiawuzhizhanhou,tayinzuozhanyingyongdanrenzhenbianjunzuolutongling,zhuzhaaihun。zheishiyigexuexinghanzi,gesakeziraojiangdongqitun,shoushanpaibingguojiangbaohu,dezhisuobubeiejunjiaoxie,nubukee,jiyufabingjuezhan,weishangsizulan——qishigaifanjishijiufanji,cainengjinggaoduifang,yekeduanlianbudui。liangnianhoushoushanshengrenkaifengzhifu,shirenheilongjiangjiangjunenzeyibianfangjixujiangcaizouliu,chaozhuoweiheilongjiangfudoutong。jinjingjinjian,shoushanmianchengubianyudizhice,huodeguangxudishangshi,mingbangbanjunwu,pizhuntazhaomu16yingxinjun,bingminghuburushubojiquannianjunxiang50wanliang。shoushanqinziqianwangshanghaigoumaijunxie,jingzhangqi、haicanwei、boliyunzhiaihun,yilukandaojiangzuoetunmiji,jiebeisenyan,yinqijingtiheyoulv。ershiwunianmo,enzeyinbingciguan,shoushanshoumingshurenheilongjiangjiangjun,gengshizhuajinzhengdunbianfang。yihetuanfengchaomanyanzhidongbei,zailiaoningdengchudajuhuiguihexiraohuochezhan,efangtichupaibinghulu,ershoushanweibimianejunruqin,zhidianbolihehailanpaoshaedangju,bingqingzhuegongshiyangruzhuandaewaijiaobu,yuanweitielutigongbaohu,“lizulaibing”。eguoyechengnuo“rudongshengjiangjunchengdanbaohutielu,ejuebupaiyibingqianwang”。shiheilongjiangdimianshangtieluxianhenzhang,haerbinyichengweijiaotongshuniu,jibenmeifashengpaiwaiyuhuiluzhishi。

ershiliunianwuyueershiwuri,cixitaihousicizhaokaiyuqianhuiyi,zhuzhanpaizhanleshangfeng,qingtingbanfaxuanzhanzhaoshu。shoushanyugandaoejunkenengdajuruqin,jiangaihunfudoutongfengxiang、hulunbeierfudoutongyixinga、tongkenfudoutongqingqiweiweisanluyizhang,fentouzhengjunyingzhan。heijiliangshengdouzhuyoueguohulujun,shoushanyujilinjiangjunzhangshunmiyue,jieqiyiqixiashou,xianxingqingchuneihuan。tahaiqingyangruxieshangetielurenyuandechelishiyi,biaoshiyuanpaiyuantuoweikanshougongchengwuliaohehusongrenyuanhuiguo。liuyueshiqiri,efangtichupaibingjiedaoaihunqianwanghaerbindengdibaolu,shoushanyanzhengjujue,bingsancidiangaobolizongdufu:buxuyunshuqinhuajunduidejianchuantongguoaihunxiashi,fouzejikaipaohongji。

shuangfangdechongtuzailiuyueshibari(1900nian7yue14ri)fasheng,ejian“mihayierhao”manzaiqiangzhidanyao,bingtuozhewusoubochuanjingguoaihunjiangmianxiaxing,butingqingjunchuanzhidelanzujiancha,beifapaojieting,zhengdengchuanpanchajian,ejiewuguankelishenmiteshangxiaocheng“selenggehao”laizhi,ming“mihayierhao”qiangxingshili,shuangfangfashengjiaohuo,kelishenmitedengduorenbeijishang,erjiantaohuihailanpao,yinfaquanchengsaodong。shoushanhuoxihouzhidianyangru,biaodaleweiguoshoutudejuexin,bingtonggaoedu“ruzhaojiulaibing”,ji“zhaojiuhongji”。hailanpaozhushouejuncishidaduochoudiaoqutianjin,yishiyaoyanfeichuan,sanbuqingjunjijiangguojianggongcheng,yineilidehuarenweineiying,haishuojietouchuxianle“daquanmindejietie”(jiyihetuanchuandan)hehongtiezi,xuanchengmouye“xijiequancheng”。chouhuapaihuaqingxuxunsubeishandongqilai,ejingchajuzhangxialingzaiquanchengsoubuzhongguoren,daohuizhongguorendedianpuhezhuzhai,xianbatamenjizhongjuyazai“zhongguojie”(yishuozaijingchaju),zaicongneilifenliangluyawangshangxiayoujiangbian。《aihunxianzhi》yijibushaoyanjiuzhuzuodoumiaoxieleneichangxuexingdatusha,siburushiguangzhenqing《diebaoji》zhongyigegesakedejiangshugengzhenqie:

……shouchidaoqiangdeqibingyibianhoujiao“xianghoutui!xianghoutui!”,yibianzhujiansuoxiaobaowei,yizhirenmenbeibipodezoutouwulu,kaishicongjianganshangxiangxuebengsidebeituijinlegungundejilangzhuoliuzhizhong。qingkejianbengfachuyipianfanchangdehuhansheng,renmendoufengkuangleqilai,youdeyingzhetoupiwangrenqunlizuan,yeyouluancaidaozaidishangdefunvhehaizi,qitutaopaode。zheishiqibingyibianyongmatizicai,yibianyongcidaotong,ranhouyongjiqiangsaoshe。hanshengheqiangsheng,kuqihenuhoushenghunchengyipian,neiyourudiyubandecanzhuang,shizainanyiyongyuyanlaixingrong。

……youyujiezhegangshawanrendefengkuangjingtou,yinci,chuhuyiliaodihenkuaijiushoushiwanle。shuoshiduijirushandeshiti,qishidabufenhaichuyubansibanhuodezhuangtai,youdeshangzaiyigugudiwangwaimaoxue,youdecongbeidapodetouluxiangwaitangxue,haiyoudeyibianshenyinyibianhanjiaodirudonghuozhengzhazheyaopaqilai。dangbazheixierenyigegerengjinjianglizhihou,congduijichengshandeshitixiamian,faxianlemeiyouzhongdanerhuozhederen,zheixiejiahuoyoudejiuyongqiangtuodasirengjinjiangli,youdebeichezheyilingtijinlejiangli……

shiguangzhenqingnairibenzongcanmoubumimipaiqiandegaojijiandie,cishijuzhuzaibushiyiweishaedaweijiazhong,jingchangzaiheilongjianglianganhuodong,liantadoujuedetaiguocanren,zaishuzhongxiedao:“zaiduanduandeshijianli,zhongguo3000tongbao,jingcanjuerenhuandizaoshoushahai,tamendexianxueranhongleheilongjiang。bufennannvlaoyoucanzaoshahaideshitixiangmufayiyangbeitunmeiyuheilongjiangdezhuoliuzhizhong。heilongjiangyoushiyilai,shoucifashenglerenleizuidacanju。zheishiyoushiyilaizuidadetusha,zuidadebeiju,zuidadezuixing!”nandaobushideeguorenmeiyouyidianceyinzhixinma?bu,jiulianneigecanyutushadegesake,yechengrenshibaozheyibianchengyiqunyeshou,dangyongqiangtuozasuihaokuyinghaidetoulushi,yezasuilezijideliangxin。jierxinazai《gongkeaihun》zhongweidatushazheyanbianhu,danyechengrenneishiyizhongbiantaidepaihuakuangchao,“shitutanhuzhongguorenderenbeirenweiyouzui,shuotamendexingweishibeipan”。

zhongguorenshidaijuzhudejiangdongliushisitun,yubushi(hailanpao)jingezheyitiaojingqilijiang,dangdadaibuhedatushadexiaoxichuanlai,dunshiyipianjingkong,youdekaishishoushicaiwutaowangyouan,yeyoubushaorenjiarengzaichiyi。7yue17riyizao,gesakeqibingjiuyueguojingqilijiangshalai,shouxianfenshaokaojinjiehaodebudingtun,zaochenduchuan,ranhouyantunfanghuo,bingjiangzhuadaodezhongguorenfenbieganjinyixiedafangzili,fanghuofenshao。cijuyinfalegengdakonghuang,nannvlaoyouyongxiangjiangan,youzaodaocongfujinboerduoshaosuoganlaidegesakemaduimijisheji,fenfendaobianbianyujiangzhong。aihunfudoutongjianzhenbianjunbeiluyizhangfengxiangmuducijing,zuzhileduozhitujidui,chengyeguojiang,gongxiejunbingjiejiqiyunshudui,badiaoledifangshaosuo,fenhuidanyaoku。aihunyamenzhengdiaojinkenengduodechuanzhijiehuitongbao,zhouyebaidu,dabufenminzhongdeyibaoquan,danhaishiyoubushaorenlaibujicheli。18riwan,ejunjuantuzhonglai,zaicizhutunqugan,fengkuangtusha,jiangshuiweizhiranhong……

几乎与之同时,中东铁路东线约4000名俄国妇孺先撤至哈尔滨,再转道抵达伯力,西线也有数千人撤至祖鲁海图。寿山信守承诺,令沿路清军一律放行。(待续)

1.benzhanzunxunxingyeguifan,renhezhuanzaidegaojiandouhuimingquebiaozhuzuozhehelaiyuan;2.benzhandeyuanchuangwenzhang,qingzhuanzaishiwubizhumingwenzhangzuozhehelaiyuan,buzunzhongyuanchuangdexingweiwomenjiangzhuijiuzeren;3.zuozhetougaokenenghuijingwomenbianjixiugaihuobuchong。

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