分分彩网

读书

关于历史,图像小说的可能性

作者:admin 2020-10-28 我要评论

biqiwenzi,tuxianggengnenglianjiedaowomenyishidegengshenchu,jifawomendeqingganheyiwen。 《renleijianshi》tuxiangxiaoshuofengmian womendouhuozaiwanglingdemengli 《renleijianshi》tuxiangxiaoshuoshiyizuozhebenrenweizhujiao...

比起文字,图像更能连接到我们意识的更深处,激发我们的情感和疑问。

《人类简史》图像小说封面

 

我们都活在亡灵的梦里

《renleijianshi》tuxiangxiaoshuoshiyizuozhebenrenweizhujiaode。zaimanhuazhong,youwaer·helalixianshengdaileyifuheikuangyanjing,kanqilaibibenrengengshou,toufayegengtuyidian,keyisuiyichuansuoshikong,yihuiermanbuyu200duowannianqiangurenleifayuandidedongfeicaoyuan,yihuierzailundunrenleixuejiadejialixianliaomingxingbagua,yihuierzaizhongdongdedongxueligenniandeterenliaotian,yihuierzaiaodaliyamuduzuihouyizhishuangmenchishoudesiwang……

zaixiewanlerenleideguoqu、weilaiyuxianzaizhihou,zheiweiyiselielishixuejiazhuanxianglegezhongbutongdemeijiexingshi,xianggengduoderenqunchuanbotaguanyulishidedongjian。chuletuxiangxiaoshuozhiwai,haiyouhuiben、zhanlandeng。tuxiangxiaoshuojihuachubansice,muqianzhichubanlediyijuan,jiangshurenleilishisancidabiangezhongdediyichang——renzhigeming。

zaibujiuqianwomendeyicishipincaifangzhong,tayizaiqiangdiaozheijianshiqingdezhongyaoxing。“weileyingdui21shijidetiaozhan,woxiangxinsuoyourendouxuyaoyigegengdadelishishijiaolailijiejintianshijieshangfashengdeshiqing,biruwomenxianzaimianduideshengtaiweiji,huozhejishuduiwomenzheigewuzhongdailaideweixie。womencengjingdaozhile5gerenleiwuzhongdemiejue,xianzaiwomenmianlindangnianniandeterenmianlindexiangsidekunjing:yizhongxindeliliangzaijueqi,wozhideshirengongzhinengdengjishu,tamenkenengduiwomenzuochudangnianwomenduiniandeterenzuoguodeshiqing。zheibushizhongguovsmeiguo,huozheouzhouvsribendeshiqing,ershirenleivsyizhongwanquanbutongdezhineng。”

“如果有人告诉你,有一艘外星飞船,来自遥远星球,搭载了高级外星科技,他们正在路上,30年后到达地球。想象一下,这条新闻会让这个世界恐慌成什么样子?但这不是想象,而是正在发生的事实,可能会在30年后或者50年后到达,只不过不是从外星球来的,而是从我们的世界内部来的,从世界各地的高科技实验室里出来的。这种高级智能未必是邪恶的,也并不想毁灭人类,但是它一定会改变世界,改变你我的生活,比如让我们的生活变得毫无意义,或者无关紧要。”

duiyutademoriyuyan,daodiyinggaixiangxinjifen,huaiyijifen,wobuganduanyan。guanyuzheigehuati,youtubeshangyoutayuzhumingyuyanxuejiashidifen·pinkedeyiciduitan。jibenshang,pinkedeyisishi,shide,nideyoulvyoukenengfasheng,danjishifasheng,yeshizaiyaoyuandeweilai,xiandaijishuyuanyuanmeiyoudadaosuiyicaozongrenleijiyinhuojingshendedibu。

wogengyuanyixiangxin,zaiwomenzheigesuipianhuashengcundeshidai,tade《renleijianshi》sanbuquzhishimanzulewomenzuoweimiaoxiao、suiliedegetiduiyuhongda、wanzhengxushidepoqiexuqiu——yigekeyijieshiyiqiedelilun。birutaguanyu“gushi”delilun——renzhisuoyiweiren,zuibenzhideyuanyin,jiushirenyouxugounengli。suoweishangdi、guojia、huobi、renquan……zheixiedoushirenleixugouchulaidanyouzairenleishehuizhongbeipubianjieshoudegushi。zhengshizheizhongxugounenglicuchenglerenleishehuiguimobudengdehezuo,congerjiangrenleituixianglediqiushengwuliandedingduan。

anzhaohelalideshuofa,congzheigejiaodulaishuo,qishiwomendouhaihuozaisirendemengli。“zheixiegushi,jibainianqianfamingdegushi,jiuxianggongxiangdemengjing,zongjiaodemeng,guojiademeng,jingjidemeng,womenrengranhuozailimian,zheiweibishihuaishi,danwomenbixujizhuzheixiezhishiwomenchuangzaochulaibangzhuwomenshenghuode,erbushibeitamensuonuyi。”

zaituxiangxiaoshuobanbenzhong,renleidexugounenglibeijuxianghuaweiyigechaojiyingxiong,zhangzheyifuheirenxipimingxingdeyangzi,shenpihongpifeng,toudaixunixianshizhuangbei,xiongqianxieleyigedadade“f”。“dangrenmenxiangdaochaonenglideshihou,tamenchangchanghuixiangdaoyinshen、feixing,feidebiguangsugengkuaizhileide,danrenleizhenzhengdechaonengli,shichuangzaoyigegushi,cuchengshubaiwanren,shenzhishushiyirendedaguimohezuo。”helaligaosuwo。

图像小说叙述历史的潜能

“duiwolaishuo,yongtuxiangxiaoshuolaixielishi,zuidadelequjiushidaposuoyouguanyuruheshuxielishidexueshuchanggui。woconglaimeixiangguowokeyizailishixiaoshuolixiezhenrenxiu,xiechaoren,xiezhentangushi——yigejiaoluopeizideniuyuejingguanzaidiaochayiqilianhuansharenan,erqieshidiqiuyoushiyilaizuicanbaodeshengtailianhuanshashou,zaiaodaliya、meizhouheshijieqitadifangxingxiong……”

duidabufenzhongguoduzheeryan,tuxiangxiaoshuorengranshiyizhongxiangduimoshengdemeijie。jiandaneryan,zheishiyizhongxinxingdegongchengrenyuedudemanhuashu,tuwenbingmao,pianfujiaozhang,ticaixiangduiyansu,yezhuiqiugengshenkedeneihan。meiguomanhuajiaate·sipiergeman(art spiegelman)cengjingyituxiangxiaoshuo《shuzu》(mous),jiangshutafuqinzainacuidatushashiqidejingli,binghuodepulicewenxuejiang。neibenshuzhongderenwuzhangzhemao、shuhezhudelian,jiangshudequeshirenleilishishangzuicankudeyiduanshishi。zheibuzuopindiyicirangrenmenyishidao,yuanlaimanhuahaikeyijiangshurucifuza、yansuershenkedegushi。

zuijinshijinianlai,chulexugouzuopinzhiwai,tuxiangxiaoshuozaikepu、chuanji、lishi、youjidengfeixugoulingyuyedouyouhenyouxiudezuopinchuxian。yilangmanhuajiamajia·shatabide《wozaiyilangzhangda》,faguomanhuajiaaimaniuaier·lebarede《qieernuobeilizhichun》,jianadamanhuajiagai·delisiledepingrangyouji、yelusalengyoujideng,douchongfenzhanxianletuxiangxiaoshuozaigetixinglishixushizhongdejudaqianli,youqishineixiezainanxingdelishijingyan。youxuezherenwei,tuxiangxiaoshuozaixifangdexingqi,zhengshiyinweichuantongdeyishubiaoxianxingshiyijingwufabiaoda“erzhan”yijizhihourenleizaoyudezhongzhongchuangshang。

duihelalilaishuo,tuxiangxiaoshuozhisuoyiyouqu,zeshiyinweishijueyuyandeshiyongbipotahuidayixiequanxindelishiwenti。biru,nixierenleifaminglehuo,meigerendounengzainaohailidagaigouxiangchuyigechangjing,dandangnihuayifumanhuadeshihou,nijiudejuedingshishenmerenfaminglehuo,nanrenhaishinvren?shaonianhaishilaoren?tamendeshoulinazheshenme,shimugun,haishishitou?nibudebuhuidaolishiwenxianzhonglaihuidazheixiewenti。

“guoqudelishijizaili,nanrenqiangzoulejuedabufenderongyao,nvrenzongshizaibeijinglibaozhehaizi,danxianzaiwomenkeyiwenwenweishenme,weishenmedoushinanrenfamingleneixiezhongyaodedongxi?yexushinvren。zheixiedoushiwohehuajiajingchangtaolundewenti。”

“dangniyongtuhualaisikaodeshihou,henduoniyongwenzixiezuoshiwanquanbuhuixiangdaodewentihuihenzirandimaochulai。birunixierenleiyudaoniandeteren,nizhishixiexialai,meigerendounengxiangxiangneigeqingjing。danniyaohuayifumanhua,jiudekaolvniandeterenzhangshenmeyangzi,toufashenmeyanse,tamendefaxing、fuse、xingbie、nianling……henduomanhuajiahuibagurenleihuadexianggeouzhouren,danzaizheibenshuli,nihuifaxianzhirenzhangdegengxiangshifeizhourendeyangzi,yinweitamenbenlaijiushicongfeizhouchulaide。xiangbizhixia,niandeterendefusegengdan,toufayanseyegengdanyidian。yiqianxielishishu,wobuyongxiangzheixie,danxianzaizheixiedoubiandehenzhongyaole。”

yuqishuo,zheixietuxiangdexijiedaiwomenjinrulishideneibu,burushuo,zheixietuxiangzaiguliwomenxiangxianglishidexianchang:shiqishidaidezuxianmenshizenmeshenghuode?tamenzaoshangxinglaihuizuoshenme?tamendezaocanhewucanchishenme?tamendeshehuijiegoushizenyangde?shiqishidaidexingshenghuoshishenmeyangde?tamenyouqingdian、daodeguifan、tiyujingsaihezongjiaoyishima?tamendazhangma?

duiyuzheixiewenti,huajiayonghuabihuaxialeyibufen,birutamenruhezhaijiangguo,wakuaijing,zhizaoshiqi,zhuibuxiaoxingliewu,weibudaxingliewu;ruhetanchashuiyuan,shuxihuanjing,lejiejijiegengti……dangengduodezeshiyihuajimanhuadexingshilaixishuode,biruhuodeguanggaoxuanchuandan,niandeterendetongxinglianqinglv,yuanshirenbierduiyu“danaozi”dezhinian。

bijing,lishibingmeiyoujiwomenliuxiataiduoguanyutamendeshenghuoxijiedezhengju,jikuaigutouhuashiheyixieshiqibingbuhuitoulusuoyoudemimi。eranzhaohelalideshuofa,wenyixiewujiedelishiwentishizhiguanzhongyaode,fouzewomenkenenghuiwushidabufenderenleilishi。lishi,bujinshilejieguanyuguoqudaodifashengleshenme,gengshiruhesikaoguoqu,yijiwomenyuguoqudeguanxi。

zaiqizhongyizuhuamianli,helalizhanzaihouhoudelishiweimuzhiqian,bangwomenjiekaineixieyuangulishikenengdefengjing:“caijizhezhongyexuyourenxiangnapolunyiyangsuoxiangpimi,tongzhidediguoquezhiyoulusenbaodeyibandaxiao。yexuyourenxiangbeiduofenyiyangcaihuahengyi,suimeiyoujiaoxiangletuan,dannengyongzhudichuizouchulingrenluoleidelequ。yexuyourenxiangxianzhiyiyangmeilichaofan,zhibuguojieshideshidangdiyikexiangshudegaoyu,erbushiyuzhoujianzaowuzhudeshenyu。buguo,zheixiewomenquanbuzhinengkaocaice。zheifuchenmodeweimurucihouzhong,womenlianzheixieshiqingshifoucengjingfashengdounanyiduanding,huanglunxiangximiaoshu。”

lishidekongbai、chenmozhichu,shifoujiushituxiangdeteshuliliangsuozai?biqiwenzi,tuxianggengnenglianjiedaowomenyishidegengshenchu,yegengnengjifawomenbennengdeqingganheyiwen。

zheibenshuzongtishangduqilaishihenqingkuaiyuyuede,youqishituxiangdailaidelishixushideziyouduhelinghuogan。liangweimanhuajiacongwenxuehehuihuazhongjieyongledaliangdecihuiheyufa,womenkeyisuiyichuansuoyubutongdelishishikongzhijian,duibibutongwuzhongdeshengligouzao、shehuijiegouhexingweifangshi,shenzhizaixianshiyuxiangxiangzhijianrenyiqiehuan。biruzaijieshimifengdequntihezuoyurenleidequntihezuodequbieshi,manhuajiakeyisuishouhuayigemifengwangguolidefaguodagemingdechangjing;zaitaolunzhirenyuqitarenleiwuzhongzhijiandeguanxishi,youqishizhirenyuniandeterenkenengdehunzhongfanzhililunshi,manhuajiaxifangledaliangzhuminghuihuazuopin,birugelante·wudede《meiguoshigetefengge》,lenei·magelitede《lianren》,aidehua·huopude《niuyuedefangjian》,bijiasuode《geernika》……erdangzhirenxiaomielesuoyouqitarenleiwuzhongzhihou,shihelaliduzimianduimangmangdahaidebeiying,neishideguohuajiafulidelixidezuopin《wuzhongxingzhe》。

xiaoshidebujinjinshiqitaderenleiwuzhong。zaizhirendidaaodaliyahoude2000nianjian,90%dejuxingdongwumiejuele。zaiguoqudelishishuli,zheixiedongwuzhishiyigegeguaiyidemingzi:daishi、mengmaxiang、jianchihu、juxingdita、jushi……danxianzai,tamenyibiyihuahuoshengshengdizhanzaiwomenyanqian,tixingwomen,gududerenleishikechide。

yixiaoguohou,zheixiehuamianzaiwoxinzhongliuxiadeshiyinyindecitonggan。ruhelalisuoshuo,lijiewomenyuzheixiewuzhongzhijiandeguanxi,bujinjinshilishiwenti,yeshizhexuewenti,guanyuwomenshishei,shengerweirendaodishishenmeyisi。

 

推荐几本图像小说

《地球上最聪明的小子》

作者:[美]克里斯·韦尔

出版社:新星出版社

gushikaishiyu36suidejimi·keruigenjiedaocongweimoumiandefuqindelaixin,yaotaqumixiegenjiazhonggongduganenjiejiaqi,suixinhaifushangyizhangjipiao——qu,haishibuqu?gudu、weisuo、gexingnuoruodejimizaiwanfenjiujiezhongtashangletadexunfuzhilv。

zaijimidegushizhiwai,shuzhonghaichuanchalelingyitiaopingxingdegushizhuxian,shiguanyutadezufuzhanmusidebeicantongnian。19shiji90niandai,zhanmusihaishige9suidehaizi,muqinsiyunanchan,tayuxingqingguguaibaozaodefuqinxiangyiweiming,tamenjuzhudechengshizhijiagemashangjiuyaojubanyichanghongweideshijiebolanhui,ertademingyunyejiangfashenggaibian。

《缅甸小日子》

作者:[加]盖·德利斯勒

出版社:湖南美术出版社

zuozheyongxinwendebifahuamanhua,hunheyouji、jishi、gaoxiao、manhua、yuerduozhongfengwei,juzhongruoqing,jiang“zhengzhi、zongjiao、fengtu、rendaozhuyi”zheileihongdamingtirongrurichangshenghuodemiaohuizhong,jingxiantiaojiandandemanhuapouxijiegou,huadetongsu、jiachang,gezhongbichutandangerxiwei,dongrenzhichuyezhengzaiyuci。

《旁观者》

作者:[比]本·吉塞曼斯

出版社:贵州人民出版社

zhongniannanzixiuboteyigerenshenghuo,meishenmeaihao,jiuxihuandaomeishuguankanzhanlan,tapaixiataxihuandeyouhuazuopin,tongchangshiyixiemeilidenvxing,birumanaide《aolinpiya》,ranhouhuidaojiazhongduizhezhaopianxixilinmo。yishoucaiqianhuijiudecunzaizhuyituxiangshi,shiyibandeyuyanheliubaiyuweiyouzhang。

《画的秘密》

作者:[法]马克-安托万·马修

出版社:北京联合出版公司

zhiyouaidehuaqushile,yizengjiaimieryifuhua。pengyouyongzhiliheqingganzhujiudehuazhong,meiyigexijiedoushibingshanyijiao,shiyigezimi、yigewanxiao、yigetongwanglingyipiantiandiderukou……

huamianyueshenyuandedifang,weimiaodexijiejiuyueduo,lianxianweijingyebuzuyizhanxianqizhongsuoyoudedongxi。aimierqingjinyushengzhuisuihuademimi,jiangqizhongdexijiefuzhi、fangda、linmo、jiedu。neixiezaishijianliushizhongjianjianxianxiandehenji,zhengzaiqiaoqiaojiekaizheigelingrennanyizhixinqiechongmanshiyidemidi……

《这里》

作者:[美]理查德·麦奎尔

出版社:北京联合出版公司

《zheili》shiyitangmihuanerhualideshijianlvxing。tajiangjingtoumiaozhunxinzexizhoudeyijianpingfanketing,zaitongyifuhuamianzhongchuanyuebaiwannian,pintiechu“zheili”zaishijianliuzhuanzhongdeqimiaobianhua。yushi,shiqianjushoutongweilaidekejibingcun,1950niandegushitong2015niandeshiqingyaoxianghuying,zhanxianchuyixiaokuaikongjianzaishijianmianyanzhongdewuxiankeneng。


1.benzhanzunxunxingyeguifan,renhezhuanzaidegaojiandouhuimingquebiaozhuzuozhehelaiyuan;2.benzhandeyuanchuangwenzhang,qingzhuanzaishiwubizhumingwenzhangzuozhehelaiyuan,buzunzhongyuanchuangdexingweiwomenjiangzhuijiuzeren;3.zuozhetougaokenenghuijingwomenbianjixiugaihuobuchong。

分分彩网相关的文章
  • 半旧之魅

    banjiuzhimei

  • 关于历史,图像小说的可能性

    guanyulishi,tuxiangxiaoshuodekenengxing

  • 能源大转型

    nengyuandazhuanxing

  • 瑷珲的庚子年(六):寿山将军的献祭

    aihundegengzinian(liu):shoushanjiangjundexianji

var _hmt = _hmt || []; (function() { var hm = document.createElement("script"); hm.src = "https://hm.baidu.com/hm.js?78ebdacae9da971faf025645ab77d367"; var s = document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(hm, s); })();