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都市中的垂直森林

作者:admin 2020-10-29 我要评论

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垂直的森林代表人与自然在城市景观中的共存方式,将绿植、氧气和生物多样性等要素带回城市生活。

 

悉尼高田浩一建筑事务所设计的“都市森林”,可能是目前最密集的垂直花园建筑方案 (c) Koichi Takada Architects

 

意大利建筑师皮埃罗·利梭尼设计的自给自足概念摩天大楼 (c) Lissoni & Partners

 

图片版权/(c)Heatherwick Studio、Stefano Boeri Architetti

高层建筑绿化运动

shanghaisuzhouhepanmoganshanlu,yingguohesiweikegongzuoshishejide“1000keshu”xiangmuyijingjiejinwangongdezhuangtai,weiraosizhoudejiaoshoujiabeichaichuzhihou,xianluchuyizuogaodicuoluoderenzao“lvshan”。linheyice,congyudeshumulvzhicongshubaigenbaisezhuzidingduanshengzhangchulai,zaizhouwei“shuinisenlin”louqundechentuoxia,gengshiyidapiannandedelvyiangran。

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赫斯维克工作室在上海苏州河畔设计的“1000棵树”综合体 (c) Heatherwick Studio

 

“1000棵树”项目中,容纳树木绿植的种植盆被安放在混凝土柱子顶部,像是柱子的自然延伸 (c) Heatherwick Studio

 

树与人共栖的实验

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斯坦法诺·博埃里致力于在世界各地推广垂直森林模式 (c) Stefano Boeri Architetti

 

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米兰垂直森林公寓楼属于树与人共栖的复杂实验项目(c) Stefano Boeri Architetti

 

“伊甸园”的露台式阳台也是内置种植盆的花槽 (c) Heatherwick Studio

 

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赫斯维克工作室在新加坡牛顿区的第一个住宅项目“伊甸园” (c) Heatherwick Studio

 

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亲生物的治愈空间

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玛吉中心所用的材料都是亲生物性的 (c) Heatherwick Studio

 

赫斯维克工作室设计的种植盆模块桌  (c) Heatherwick Studio

 

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种植盆与灌溉系统

种植盆在垂直森林项目中呈线形沿着阳台外围摆放,它们的大小是标准化的,混凝土材料保证防水性能和排水性能。盆底有防水膜,中间还有隔层和由两个过滤器组成的排水层,以及固定植物的金属装置。每一株植物因为光照条件和生长高度不同,需水量也会有明显差异。智能的滴灌系统用电脑设备远程控制的探测器,来监控植物的湿度,根据收集的数据,供水系统可以灵活开关。

三维立面

与常见的建筑立面不同,垂直森林的立面是一个复杂的三维体系,它们的高度与宽度需要与植物生长的深度结合。墙面由空心砖构成,上面叠加了带保暖纤维的绝热层,然后是由金属支撑的陶瓷板外层。三维立面的最外层当然是植物了,它们作为天然的过滤器,为室内提供有益的微气候环境。


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