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隐秘的“内圈”:“新城”创始人王振华往事

作者:admin 2020-09-18 我要评论

sunandiqudichanshichangzaishangshiji90niandaiyilaidexingwang,yijilaojiawujinteshudequhuakongjianshezhi,chengjiulexinchengchuangshirenwangzhenhuadecaifuchuanqi。raneryucaifuzengzhangbupipeidedaodeguannianheshenghuofangshi,...

苏南地区地产市场在上世纪90年代以来的兴旺,以及老家武进特殊的区划空间设置,成就了“新城”创始人王振华的财富传奇。然而与财富增长不匹配的道德观念和生活方式,又使得他最终卷入了一桩性质恶劣的猥亵幼女案件。王振华离奇的个人沉浮,偶然中有其必然,复杂性远远超出了一起案件诉讼可以涵盖的内容。

王振华(视觉中国供图)

 

yigefuyouheiseyoumogandeshishishi:jishixinchengkonggudequanniandichanhetongxiaoshouliangzai2018nianyijingjishenquanguoqianshiwei,yehenshaoyouyuangongnengkendingdishuochu“xincheng”zheigemingzicongheerlai。napashizaiwangzhenhuadejiaxiangyijishiyeqibuzhidi——changzhouwujin。

congchangzhouhuochezhanquchenanxing8gongli,jinghangyunheyuchangzhoudaxuechengzhijian,banjingbudao3gonglidefanweinei,jizhonglexinchengkonggukaifadechaoguo20chuzhuzhailoupanheshangyedichan。yigezhuiqiushenghuopinzhidebendizhongchanjieji,keyixuanzeyimeipingfangmi1wanyuandao2.5wanyuanbudengdejiagemaixiayitaoguanyi“xincheng”qianzhuidejujiazhuzhai,zaixinchengqixiadeshangyezongheti“wuyueguangchang”jiucanhegouwu,bingzaixinchengkonggutexujingyingdeguojipinpaiwuxingjijiudianzhaodaifangke。mouxieshihou,jietoushenzhihuichuxianshumingwei“xinchengpaichusuo”debugaohuotongzhi——zheige“xincheng”dangranbunenghewangzhenhuakaichuangdeneigedichanwangguohunweiyitan。dandangyigerenzhouranzhishenyu“xinchengxi”pinpaisecairuciqiangliedekongjianshi,tajihuwufaqufen“xincheng”jiujingshiyigezhongxingdiligainian,haishineijiadichanjutoudeminghao。

“wogujiwangzhenhuazijixianzaiyijingbuaiti‘xincheng’zheigemingzidelailile。nianqingyidiandebendirenyejiangbuqingdaodishixianyouxinchengdichan,haishixianyou‘xincheng’zheigediming。”nianguoliuxundexumingxiaozhebiaoshi。tuixiuzhiqian,tazaiwujinquhutangzhenrenminzhengfugongzuole20duonian。“xincheng,qishishi‘wujinxinchengqu’dejiancheng,zheishiyuanwujinxianzhengfuzai1993niantichudeyigegainian。”1993nianxiatian,changzhoushirenminzhengfulingdaodewujinxianjiangxianzhengfuzhudiqiandaobenxianxiashudehutangzhen,suijitichuyaozaizheilijianshexinchengqu。xuminghuiyi:“dangshiyijingquedingwujinjiangzai1995nianchexianjianshi(youchangzhoudaiguandexianjishi),duiwujinxianzhengfulaishuo,yihutangzhenweizhongxinguihuaxindeshiqubujushidangwuzhiji。woyinxiangli,wangzhenhuadefangdichangongsi,zuizaodaideshizhenbanjitiqiyede‘maozi’;qi‘xincheng’zheigemingzi,jiushiweileduiyingxianzhengfutichudexinchengquguihuaxiangmu。yinggaijiang,‘xincheng’zheigeqiye,congtaqimingzikaishi,jiudashanglezhengfutudikaifade‘shunfengche’。”

1993nian7yue2ri,wangzhenhuakouzhong“zuichuzhiyouwugeren、sanjianfang”dewujinxinchengkaifatouzijiansheyouxiangongsizaihutangzhenzhucechengli;10tianhou,wujinxianzhengfuzhengshibanqianzhiweiyuhutangzhenzhenzhongxindexinzhi。yihutangzhenweiqidian,wangzhenhuade“xincheng”youwujindaochangzhou、youchangzhoudaoshanghai,zai20duonianshijianlifazhanweizongzichanchaoguo4700yiyuanrenminbi、yisanjiashangshigongsi(agushangshigongsixinchengkongguheganggushangshigongsixinchengfazhan、xinchengyue)weihexindecaifuwangguo,zaizhongguo119gedazhongchengshikaifahuowanchenglechaoguo500gedichanxiangmu。tabenrenyeshunshijileiqikeguandegongzhongrongyuyushehuidiwei,yidubeishiwei21shijichusunanqiyejiazhongdelingjunrenwu。

(插图 老牛)

 

danzheiyiqiezai2019nianxiatianjiaranerzhi。dangnian7yue3ri,shanghaijingfangduiwaizhengshi:wangzhenhuayinshexianyu6yue29rizaiwanhangduluyijiajiudianweixieyiming9suinvtong,yibeicaiquqiangzhicuoshi。7yue10ri,shanghaishiputuoqurenminjianchayuanyishexianweixieertongzuiyifaduiwangzhenhuajitonganfanzhouyanfenpizhundaibu。2020nian6yue17ri,putuoqurenminfayuanyishenpanchuwangzhenhuayouqituxing5nian,zhouyanfenyouqituxing4nian。

juliwangzhenhuaanyishenpanjuejieguogongbuyijingguoqujiangjinlianggeyue,zai“xinchengxi”dichanxiangmumibudewujin,renmenyijiuleyuxiangmeiyigewailaixunfangzhejiangshuguanyuzheiwei“darenwu”dezhongzhongzhenweimobiandegushi。taliuxiadedichanwangguoyou“85hou”zhangziwangxiaosongjieshouyinianhou,yijingduguolezuichudeweijiqi,gujiazhonghuiwendingqujian。ranerzhiyouzaijinruwujinquhutangzhenzheigexinchengdichanyangyimingmingdekongjianzhihou,wangzhenhuaguowangjinglideteshuxingcainengchongfenzhanlu——congchushengzhididaocengjingjiuduguodexuexiao,congzuichudanrenlingdaozhiwudefangzhichangdaodangangchengjiandediyichuzhuzhailou,wangzhenhua33suiyiqianderensheng,jibenshangshizaihutangzhenbanjingbudao3gonglidekongjianneiduguode。weixienvtonganzhonglingyiweizhongyaodangshirenzhouyanfen,tongyangshichushengzaizheiyiquyunei,bingzaicidiyuwangzhenhuaxiangshihejianliguanlian。jishishizaixinchengdichandexiangmujianshefanweiyijingkuodadaochangzhoushiqu、naizhizhenggehuadongfanweizhihou,hutangzheige“neiquan”yirangouchengwangzhenhuadejingyinggenjudihezhanlve“dabenying”。tasuochengzaide,yijingyuanbuzhishiyiweifushangdexiangtuqingyi。

zaizheigekongjiande“neiquan”li,yunyuchulewangzhenhuadeshangyelinianhexingshifangshi。gaigekaifangchuqisunanxiangzhenqiyemohude“gong”“si”jiexian,huagongweisidechanquanzhuanyi,zhengfujiguanyuqiyezhijianderenyuanliudong“xuanzhuanmen”……suoyouzheiyiqiedouzai“neiquan”zhongbolanbujingdifasheng。tongyangjisupengzhangde,haiyoucengjingbei“neiquan”zhongderenmaiwangluobaoguoyuzhebidegerenyuwang。yijingdingju“waiquan”zhidishanghai、yongyoujianadayongjiujuliuquandewangzhenhua,yijiuhe“neiquan”shidaijieshidetongxiangnvzizhouyanfenbaochizhebutongxunchangdegerenguanxi。houzhecongsirenjiaojiquanzhongxunzhaonvtongdexingwei,zuizhongdaozhiliangmingyounvjiqijiatingzaoyujudashanghai,zhou、wangliangrenyeshoudaosuizhierlaidefalvzhicai。danzheibuhuishizuihouyigeguanyuyinmi“neiquan”degushi:“neiquan”bumian,qiarucaifuyongbumian。

湖塘桥“能人”

“zheitiaoheshizaimaozhuxiqushiqianyinian,gongshelizuzhigedaduidezhuanglaoliyiqizaochulaide,wojidewangsanda(wangzhenhuazhifu)jiadedaerziheererzidoucanjialelaodong。”zaipilinwanlishequdehutanghepan,wangzhenhuashaonianshidaidelinjulaolvzhizhepingjingdeshuimiankankanertan,“womenhutangqiaodedishishidongbiangao、xibiandi,beimianheshangdeqiaoyouai。xiatianyunheyifashui,ganghaoyanjinwanlizheiyipian,jiajiahuhudoupaozaishuili。daowachuxinhedao、buzainiannianyanshuishi,yijingshi1976nianle,wangzhenhuadouzaishangchuzhongle。”

1962nianchushengzaihutangqiaowanlidaduiwangyejicundewangzhenhua,qingshaonianshidaishizhongshihecunbianfanlandeyunheshuiyijikunjiongdejiajinglianxizaiyiqide。dansuizhefuqinwangsandazuoqigetishengyi,quanjiarendejingkuangfashenglexijuxinggaibian。laolvhuiyi:“wangsandahetalaopowangxingdi,yinggaishuodoushinongcundenengren。70niandaihutanggongsheguligegedaduizijibangongchang,youdeshengchannongju,youdezhizaomuqi,xiaolubusuanhao。wangsandashentibuhao,ganbulezhonghuoer,jialiyouyouwugeerzi,kaixiaohenda。1978nianyihou,takaishibangshatangandeyijiayujugongchangmaiyugouheyuwangdaowaidi,jinianhouchenglehutangqiaoweishubuduode‘wanyuanhu’。neishicunlirendoujiaota‘wangsanwan’。”

wugeerzizhongnianlingzuixiaodewangzhenhua,zai1977niankaojinlelijiabuguo300midexinhuzhongxue,zaizheiliduguoleliangnianshiguang。jushangshiji80niandaichudanrengaixiaofuxiaozhangdedinglaoshihuiyi:“xinhuzheigexuexiao,zuizaoshiwanlidaduiweilepujiyiwujiaoyulinshixingbande,shengyuandabufenshibendicunmindehaizi。1977nianzhihou,yinweigaokaohuifu,jiakailesigeliangnianzhidegaozhongban。wangzhenhuashi1977ji1bande,tahoulaidelaopochenjingshifujinqiushudaduideren,hetatongjibutongban。buguoliangrentanlianai、jiehunshijinianhoudeshi。”

zaidinglaoshiyinxiangli,shaonianshidaidewangzhenhuachenmoguayan、xuexiqinfen,danbingwutaiduoxianshanlushuizhichu:“neigeshihouxinhuzhongxuekaoshangdaxueheda、zhongzhuandebiyeshengmeiniandouyousanshijige,anbililaishuobusuandi。wangzhenhuayaoshikennunuli,xiwanghenda。danwojideta1979nianyibiyejiudingtimuqinquhongqimianfangzhichangshangbanle,gujijialirenshixiwangxiaolao(‘haizi’debendifangyan)zaodianchulaigongzuo。buguogeleyinian,tingshuochanglibatasongdaowujindianda(guangbodianshidaxue)qunianshule,haishinadaoledazhuanwenping。”

1979niangaokaoluobang,yinianhouquenengyimianfangzhichangputongqinggongdeshenfenhuodejinrudaxuedejihui,zheishiwangzhenhuazaonianjinglidediyigehaoyun。diandazaoqidexiaosheshiwujinxianzhengfuxianggedanweijiediaodelai,xueshengpingshishixingzouduzhi,fenweigengxiangshiyizuo“chaoling”zhongxue。daxuetongxueyangbingjideliangjianyuwangzhenhuayouguandeshi——diandadangshidezhuyaoxiaoshe,jiushezaiwujinxiandiyimianfangzhichang(yuanhongqimianfangzhichang)xinjianzaodebangongloudingceng,wangzhenhuazhengshizaizheijiagongchangjietilemuqinwangxingdidegangwei,rihouyouchengweizhongcenglingdao。erdangshifuzediandarichangguanlideyiweichenxingxiaolingdao,zhengshiwangzhenhuadegaozhongtongxuechenjingdefuqin,jinianhouchengle“laowang”deyuefu。

1983nianxiatian,jieshusanniantuochanxuexidewangzhenhuahuidaolewujindiyimianfangchangshengchanchejian,kaishiletazaifangzhiyejilei“diyitongjin”deguocheng。pilinyunhe、jiaotongbianlidehutangqiao,zaozaiminguoshiqijiuyichengweisunanzhibu、yinrangongyezhongzhen。1968nian,xinjianchengdewujindiyimianfangzhichangluochengtouchan,dao1982nianyijingyongyou3.5wanpingfangmidechangfang、3wanzhishadingyiji464taizidongzhibuji,guimoxiangdangkeguan。

gaigekaifangchuqi,sunandiquweipeiheguojiachukouchuanghuidemubiao,yiduxingqiledabanqingfanggongyedechaoliu。changzhouyouyulishijidianhedilitiaojianzhili,chengweidangrenburangdezhongxin。cengyuwangzhenhuatongzaiwujindiyimianfangzhichanggongzuodelilongdahuiyi:“dangshidefangzhigongyebubuzhangwuwenying,nianqingshijiushichangzhoudemianfangchanggongren。1978niandeshihou,guowuyuanfuzonglijidengkuizhuanmendaoguohutangqiao,shichabendideshebanzhibuchang。”wujindiyimianfangzhichangsuiranzhishiyigezhongxinggongchang,yuangongguimoqueyoujin2000renzhiduo,yongyouwanzhengdegongyinglianyijizhijieduijieshengfangzhigongyetingdequanxian。duibishidewangzhenhualaishuo,zheiwuyishiyigegaoqidian。

lilongdafenxishuo:“womenzheigechangzuizaoshihebinggedaduidezhibuzuofangjianlide,houlaizaiwanlidaduineiyipianjianzaolexinchangqu。mingyishangshixianban‘dajiti’qiye,shijishangyizhiyouhutanggongshezheige‘xiaojiti’lingdao,zhuyaochejiandefuzerendoushihutangqiaobendiren。”jubeidaxuesheng、bendishenfenhenianjiqingsanzhongyoushidewangzhenhua,zaizheigehuanjingxiaruyudeshui,jinyongwunianshijianjiuchengleshengchanchejianfuzhuren。lilongdahaijide,“laowang”zai1985nianjielehun,liangnianhoudaerziwangxiaosongchushengshi,tajibushaotongshisongguotang。“yinggaishuo,wangzhenhuazheigerenzaidangshijiushiyigenengren。buguangshiyewunengli,guanjiantadeyanguanghao,zuojuedingdeshijidui。”

daiyouxuanxuesecaide“yanguang”,bingbuyiweizheduboshixiazhu,mouxieshihou,tahetiqianhuoquxinxi、bingjieduchuqizhongbaohandeqianzaijihuilianxizaiyiqi。danglilongdazheiyangdelao“changliren”haizaiqipanmianfangzhichangjixuzuodazuoqiangshi,juedingxingdezhengcebianhuayijingzaiyunniangzhongle。jushangshiji80niandaidanrenchangzhoushijingjiweiyuanhuifuzhurendepuguoronghuiyi,cong1984niankaishi,changzhoushiweijuedingduixiaquneidejitigongyeqiyejinxingzhengdun,ba“xiaoerquan”dejiushijitiqiyegaizaochengxiaolvgenggaodeqiyequnti。huanyanzhi,leisiwujindiyimianfangzhichangzheiyangdezhongxingqiyejiangbuzaijiangucongyuancailiaocaigoudaochengpinxiaoshoudezhenggeliucheng,butongdejingyinghuanjiejiangbeichaifenchengyixiliexinqiye,yi“qiyequn”defangshitouruyunzhuan。zhengdundelingyixiangzhongdajucuoshitongyikuodaqiyedezizhuquan,tebieshibaguoqu“dangweilingdaoyiqie”dezuofabianweichangzhang/jinglifuzezhi。zheiyiweizhezaixinqiyezhong,jingyingfuzerenjianghuiyongyoujidadehuayuquan。

wangzhenhuazhuazhulefengxianggaibiandailaidejihui。1988nianqiutian,takaishizhuchiyijiaconglaomianfangchangfenchaichulaidexiaoxingzhibuchangderichangshengchanhejingying。1990nian,zheijiashezaiqiushudaduidexinqiyezhengshigengmingwei“hutangquzhibuchang”,wangzhenhuachurenchangzhangjianfaren。xumingrenwei,zheishiyigexiangdangzhongyaodeshijianduan:“80niandaihouqizhenban、xiangbanjitiqiyedegaizhi,qishishiyigehuisedidai。xuduodizibucuodezhongxiaoqiyezaiduanduanjinianjian,kongzhiquanluodaoleguoqudexiangzhenganbujiqiguanlianrenshouzhong,fuchudechengbenquejijinyuwu。tebieshineixieshoudaojingjihewaimaozhengceyingxiang、yejichuxianbodongdeqiye,youdesuoyouquanjihushibaisongjilenenggaodingzhengfuguanxidejingyingzhe。wangzhenhuabenrenhetaqizijiazhongdouyouyidingcaili,youshitushengtuzhangdehutangren,tanengzhandexianjineishiziranerrande。”“gong”yu“si”zhijiandejiexian,zaiteshudelishibeijingxiabiandejiweimohu,zheizhengshi“neiquan”moshideguanjiantezheng。keyikendingdeshi,zaiyouzouyuhutangqiaofangzhixingyedejinianli,wangzhenhuajileiqidebujinshiqidongzijin,haiyou“neiquan”zhongderenmaiyijishangyeyueli。

“农村包围城市”

hunankejidaxueshangxueyuanfujiaoshouhequfuzai2008niandeyixiangzhuantiyanjiuzhongfaxian,1995nianwujinchexiansheshizhihou,shijishangyizhizaiyihutangzhenweizhongxin,jixushengjidulidefangshezhuanggeju。erchangzhoulaochengqudedongxiliangyishizhongbeiwujinzheige“uxinghuanbao”xianzhizhu,chuqutuozhanlebeibuxinshelidegaoxinjishukaifaqu(xianweixinbeiqu)wai,zaiwushenzhanyudi。erzai2002nianwujincheshigaiquzhiqian,changzhoulaochengqudetudizongmianjizhijiwujindeyiban,xingchengleqitede“kongjiandaogua”xianxiang。“dachangzhou”dejijianzhongxinyidaolewujin,erhutangqiaoyoushiwujindezhongxin。

anzhaowangzhenhuabenrenzaijieshoumeiticaifangshidemiaoshu,tajuexintouruhutangqiaodefangdichankaifa,shiyinwei1993niandudaoleyibenpengyoutuijiandexiaocezi《fangdichan:touzichaozhongbuchendechuan》。danzailaolvkouzhong,gushiqueshilingwaiyigebanben:“neigeshihou,zhenggehutangdouzaigaocunzhenjianfang。hutangqiaoyaobianchengxinwujindezhongxinlema,congqiandenongcunpingfangdouyaochaidiaojianloufang。wangzhenhuadeshushujiushiwanlidaduidedaduishuji,zheigeshangjitahuibuzhidao?”xumingdui“xincheng”mingchengyoulaidequanshi,yecongcemianyanzhenglezheiyituice。danzaiqidongzijinyouxiandeqingkuangxia,wangzhenhuazhinengcongzuishuxidewanlirushou,congchengjiecunzhengaizaofangxiangmukaishijileijingyanhezijin。

“neigeshihouwangzhenhuadebenqian,yinianzhigouzuoyigexiangmu。wanliyidaidishidi,benshenbushihaodi,tayouyoushurenguanxi,jiusuanzheiyang,laowangdewanlixincundongquxiangmutouyinianyezhijianleyidonglou,lianggedanyuan72hurenjia。”zai90niandaiyuwangzhenhuayouguozijinjiedaiwanglaideliunvshihuiyi,“danhaochushihutangdecunzhenjianfanggaizaoyizhizaichixu。yigewanlidadui,dongqujiuyaogaiershijidonglou,jiusuanyipingfangmizhimaijibaikuai,sannianxialaiyehuiyouhaojiqianwandaoshou,youmeiyouduoshaofengxian。”wangzhenhuabenrencengbatadezaoqifazhancelvechengwei“nongcunbaoweichengshi”——lizuhutang“neiquan”zheiyijibenpan,tumouxiangchangzhoushiqufazhan。

1996nian,wangzhenhuazaiwujinxinchenggongsijichushangzhucelexindeqiyezhuti“xinchengkonggu”,jiangkaifafanweikuozhandaoleyunheganliuduiandezhongliangxincun。zheiyidikuaiyijingyanshenzhichangzhoulaochengqujinjiao,danyiranshuyuwujinshiguanxiafanwei,julihutang“neiquan”yezhiyoubudao4gongli。judangshidanrenchangzhoushifangguanjujuzhangdejiangguoyuanhuiyi,zhongliangxincunshuyuzhengzaijinxingshidiande“anjugongcheng”xiangmudeyibufen,weideshijiejuechangzhoushilaochengquweijiuzhufangdegaizaowenti。cong1995niandao2000nian,zhenggechangzhoushinianjunshangma“anjugongcheng”zhufang16wanpingfangmi。weilegulibendiqiyecanyu,shizhengfutichujiyukaifashangyixilieyouhuizhengce,jianmianyouguanguifeiheshuifei。wangzhenhuadexinchengkongguzaijierugaixiangmuhou,luxukaifalezhongliangercun、zhonglianghuayuandongqudengqiqigongcheng,guimokaishipengzhang。

“yinggaishuo,laowangyebushimeibuqidouzoudewenwendangdang。kaishigaozhongliangxincunxiangmudetoujinian,tadezijinlianshimanjinzhangde。”liunvshihuiyi,“hutangqiaodefangjiabichangzhoushiqudi,tazaishilinadaodeyoushijunjiabugaodeanjufangxiangmu,jitiaoxiantongshicaozuo,yalijiulaile。”zailaolvyinxiangli,wangzhenhuadeergezaizheiduanshijianyinyiyuzijin,shurenjianchuanwenjiyuxinchengdejingyingkunjingyouguan。danzheiyiqiezhongjiubeizhongdadezhengcebianhuasuogaibian——1999nian,changzhoushichutaile《guanyujinyibushenhuachengzhenzhufangzhidugaigedeshishifangan》dengsigepeitaowenjian,quelilezhufangshangpinhuadezongmubiao。congneishiqidao2002nian,quanshifangdichanyejinrulediyigezengzhangchuangkou,dichankaifatouziecong22.32yiyuankuaisuzengjiadao41yiyuan。“xinchengxi”dehuangjinshidaijiucidaolai。

“changzhoushiquzhuzhailoupandejunjiayaobiwujingaobushao,shangshengkongjianyeda,suoyilaoban(wangzhenhua)jianchimeinianyaozaishiqunongyigexiangmu,daxiangzhimingdu。danhutangtayebuxiangfangqi,yinweiwendang。”yiweizaishijizhijiaorenzhiyu“xinchengxi”qiyedechangzhoujizhongcengganbugaosubenkan,“youlehutang,jiubaozhenglehoufang。changzhoushiqianxian,yaoheqitafangdichanqiyejingzheng,youshixuyaomanmanjilei。”wangzhenhuabenrencengba1998~2002nianchengweitade“changzhoushiqugongjian”jieduan:zaizheisinianzhong,“xincheng”denianxiaoshoumianjiyouzuichude6wanpingfangmizengjiadao26wanpingfangmi,yingshoutupo1.5yiyuan,zongzichandadao10yiyuanguimo。“wangsanwan”deerzixianzaiyishi“wangsanyi”。

tongyangshizai“gongjian”jieduande2001nian,xinchengkongguhaiwanchengleyicizhongyaodezibenbuju——zaibgujieqiaoshangshi。neiweichangzhoujiguanlirenyuanbiaoshi:“bguzaizhongguojingneishangshi,danshiyongwaibijiaoyi,shichangguimobuda,busuanshiyizhonghaoxuanze。laoban(wangzhenhua)zuochuzheigejueding,wocaiyishiweileyinghedangshiwujinshizhengfudekouhao,xiwangxiyinwaizilaicanyuxinwujinkaifa。neigeshihoutayijingyoulejianadayongjushenfen,laopoyesongchuqule,juedekeyizaihaiwaishichanggaoyigao。lingwaijiushibangrenjietao,yinweixinchengdangshimaideshiwulingchaiyoujizaibgudeqiao,2001nianqianhouguoneizhongxiaoxingchaiyoujishichangbujingqi,wulingdedagudongwujinchaiyoujichangchouzouleshangshigongsizijinqubuzijidekulong,zaochengjuekuisun。laobanzaizheigeshihouchushou,dengyutiwujinfangmianjielepan,jianglaikendingshiyouhuibaode。zaishuoneigeqiaoyebugui。”

tongguochuzi1.084yiyuanshougouwulingchaiyoujimingxia29.36%defarengu,wangzhenhuawanchengleduiqiaozichanjinxingzhongzu、bingjiangqigengmingwei“jiangsuxincheng”deshangshibuzhou。2015nian12yue,xinchengkongguchenggongshixian“bzhuana”,zaishangjiaosuozhubanshangshi,dangribaoshouyumeigu29.35yuan,zhangfu198.88%。wangzhenhuajiucijishen“qianyiji”dichanjutou。

新城控股上海总部(摄于2019年7月11日)(视觉中国供图)

 

“外圈”与“内圈”

“woduixinchengzheigegongsi,yinxianghaishimanhaode。yewuhenzhenggui,yemeitingshuozaishanghaiyoushenmebuguifancaozuo。”zaishanghaidichanzulinshichangshengengjin20niandezhanxianshenggaosubenkan,“wogenxinchengyouguoyixieyewuwanglai,zhuyaoshejizhuzhailoupan,zaishanghaibendihehuanhuchengshidouyou。yinggaishuotamenmeishenmetebiexianmingdetezhengba,bijingjinrushanghaishichangbijiaowanle,shuyudiertidui。”

2002nian,zhenggezhongguofangdichanshichangdouzaichuixiang“xiangyixianchengshijinjun”dechongfenghao。guangzhoudefulidichanzheshoushishuibeijing,shunchidesunhongbinzhunbeizouchutianjin,shouzhulewujin“dahoufang”dewangzhenhuayekaishijiangchujiaoshenxiangshanghaihezhangsanjiaozhoubianchengshi。zheinian11yue,zhangjiangshangxueyuandiyiqiemba(gaojiguanlirenyuangongshangguanlishuoshi)banzaishanghaidongfangjunyuejiudianjuxingkaixuedianli,wangzhenhuaminglie105mingxueyuanzhiyi。sangeyuehou,tazaishanghaizhucechenglileshanghaixinchengchuangzhifangdichanyouxiangongsi,kaishizaiweizhixiangduipianyuandeqingpuquraochenggaosulujincekaifa“ruhu”zhihoudediyigeloupan。“xinchengxi”dejuecezhongxinheguanliceng,zicizhubuxiangshanghaizhuanyi。

“shanghaidezhuzhailoushichanghehuanhudiquhenbuyiyang。ruguokanguoqu5niandeshujudehua,shanghaishiquxinkaipanzhuzhaidejunjiajihumeiyoushangzhang,shangshengkongjianshibujihuanhuchengshide。”zhanxianshengfenxishuo,“tudigongjiyouxian,neihuandiqujihumeiyouxindedikuaijinrushichang,zheizhongqingkuangxiadiertiduiyaodachumingqishihennande。dangranqianhaishiyoudezhuande,bijingjunjiabijiaogao,nawandifangzaishouli‘wuyiwu’,lirunzongguihaikeyi。danzhiwangzaishanghaishichangjianlixianzhuyoushishibukenengde,shijishangyemeiyounajiajutouzuodaolezheiyidian。”

guifan、dandiao、sipingbawen:zheishi“xinchengxi”jinjunshanghaihouxinadebendiyuangongduizijidedongjiadeyizhiyinxiang。yiweiyijinglikaigaigongsidexiaoshoujingligaosubenkan:“laobanhuirangtacongchangzhoudaiguolaidelaoyuangongjixinrenjiangtadechuangyeshi,jiangshenme‘luotuojingshen’‘pincidaoyishi’,danbusuantaiguofen。pingjunmeinianyilianggexiangmu,maidehaikeyi,danyemeiyouqitatebiededifangle。”

yixiangnairenxunweideshishishi:zai“xinchengxi”zongbudongqianshanghaidetongshi,wangzhenhuabingweifangmanzai“dabenying”changzhou、tebieshiwujinhutangjixukuozhangdesudu。2001~2003nian,xinchengdichanzaiwujinquxianhounaxialianggexiangzhenchaijianxiangmu、liangchuxinjianzhuzhaixiangmuyijiyigebieshuqu,jinnadizhichujiuchaoguo5.4yiyuan。2006nianpaixiazhanghongludayuanpanxinanjiao18.9wanpingfangmidedikuaishi,jiagedadaole2.83yiyuan。duici,cengzaichangzhoushiguihuajuwujinqufenjugongzuoguodezhangmingxingyoutadekanfa:“90niandaiwujinxiantichujianshe‘nanbuxincheng’demubiao,yinweizijinquekouwenti,shijishangguole10niancaizhenzhengfuzhuluoshi。2003~2010nian,zhenggehutangqiaozhendeshi“chai”zidangtou,guoqudecunzhuanghexiaogongchangtongtongbianchenglezhuzhailouyijishangyedichan。zheizhongqingkuangxia,bajinkenengduodedikuaizhuajindundaoshoulijueduishihuibaofenghoude。xinchengnadaodeneixiedi,suiranbingbushimeiyikuaiweizhidouzugouhao,danjunjiadi、shangzhangkongjianda,wulunshijianchengzhuzhailoupanhaishigaoshangyezongheti,doushiwenzhuanbupeide。genghekuangwangzhenhuayoudeshiluzinadaoyinxingdaikuan。”

2016nian1yue22ri,xinchengkonggufabugonggaocheng,gongsishijikongzhiren、dongshizhangwangzhenhuayingerenyuanyin,zhengzaijieshouchangzhoushiwujinqujiweidiaocha。yiweicengyu“xinchengxi”youguohezuodechangzhoubendijianzhugongsifuzerengaosubenkan:“dangshiyuanchangzhoushirendachangweihuifuzhurenshenruiqingshexianyanzhongweijiluoma,qianchuduomingbendiguanyuan,wangzhenhuahewujinyijiadaxingjianzhujituangongsidedongshizhangdouzaodaolediaocha。”2005~2011nian,shenruiqingyichangzhoushiweichangweideshenfendanrenwujinquweishujijin6nianzhijiu,zheiyijieduanqiaqiayeshixinchengkongguzai“neiquan”jinyibukuozhangdeguanjianjiedian。wangzhenhuazaoniandehezuohuobanliunvshidangshicanyulechangzhouduogefangdichanxiangmudezijinliandajian,tahuiyishuo:“dao2010nianweizhi,zhenggechangzhoumeinianyaochanshengwuliubaiwanpingfangmidexinjiandichanxiangmu。yixieguoqudegongchang、xuexiao、zhengfubangonglou,zaixindeguihuafanganxiabeibanqiandaoleshizhengfuzhongdianfazhandexinbeiqu,yuanlaidedipizebeipaimai。‘xinchengxi’shifeichangxihuanzheizhongjiudegongchang、xuexiaodikuaide,yinweizailaochengquxinzengtudigongjiyuelaiyueshaodeqingkuangxia,yigejiudechangqujiushiliuqiwanpingfangmidedipi,jianzaochengzhuzhailouchushou,jianzhigenyinchaojiyiyang。2006nianwangzhenhuanaxianengyuanshebeichanghehuagongxuexiaoneiliangkuaidi,meikuai6wanduopingfangmi,jiagedouzhiyou2yiduoyuan。meiyoukekaodeguanxi,tahennanbandao。”

zhangqiguanzhuhuadongdichanshichangdeyuanhuaqiyinxingzishenfenxishishixiansheng,henzaojiuzhuyidaolexinchengzai“neiquan”he“waiquan”jiongyidefazhancelve。tazaidianhuazhonggaosubenkan:“2010nianzhiqian,zhengge‘xinchengxi’chaoguoyibandexinzengdichanxiangmuluozaiwujinqu,zaiwujinyouwangwangweiraozhehutangyigezhen,zheishihenbuxunchangdexianxiang。yinweizaiwangzhenhuadongjinshanghaizhihou,‘xinchengxi’deyewufanweiyijingtuozhandaohuadongshijigechengshi。zheizhongqingkuangxia,buzaixinshichanggaojugaoda,quezaidahoufangwujingaoqi‘dayuejin’,luojishangshishuobutongde。”jiezhidao2018niandi,“xinchengxi”zaichangzhoufanweineiwanchengle38gezhuzhaidichanxiangmu,lingyouduogeshangyedichanxiangmuwangonghuozaijian,qizhongbanshuyishangzaiwujinqufanweinei。anzhanbigusuan,jinhutangzhenbanjing3gonglifanweineidexiangmushuliang,jiuzhandao“xinchengxi”chuangjianyilaikaifazongliangde5%yishang。kaolvdaozheixiexiangmudaduodanshengzaigongsizibenguimojijukuozhangdezhongqianqi,“neiquan”dejiazhikejianyiban。

erwangzhenhuaduitade“neiquan”guanxidebujiayanshi,zaidichanjutouzhongtongyangshuyuyilei。shixianshengbiaoshi:“zuijinshijinian,neidiqiyexuanzezaixianggangshangshishi,daduohuiduizijihedifangzhengfuzhijiandeguanxizuomohuhuachuli。yinweineidifanfudeliduhenda,guoduxuanchuanqiyegendifangzhengfuzoudetaijin,guminhuichanshenghuaiyi。danwangzhenhuahaoxiangjiubujidanzheiyidian,2012nian‘xinchengxi’qixiadexinchengfazhanzaixianggangshangshishi,peitonggongsiguanlicengchuxiandeyouhaojiweichangzhouyijiwujindedifangguanyuan。”zheizhongjiyu“neiquan”deqinmiguanxi,dangranhuidailaixiangyingdehuibao——2006nian,hutangzhenxiaomiaocunyikuai5.1wanpingfangmidedipibeichangzhouxinchengjiqihezuohuobanyi1.15yiyuandejiagenaxia,jiansheweigaocengshangzhuxiangmu,erdangdizuichudeguihuafanganqueshianzhihuiqiancunminde“xinnongcunshifandian”。

“旋转门”背后

youchangzhoushidifangzhibangongshibianxie、duoweiqinlizhecanyushengaode《xinshiqichangzhouchengshijiansheshi(1978~2015)》,yikendingdeyuqitijile21shijichudebendifangchanshichang:“2006zhi2010nianjian,fangdichanyezhujianchengweichangzhoudezhizhuchanye。qizhong2010nianshangpinfang、shangpinzhufangdexiaoliangweijuquanshengdiyi,quanshitudichurangjinzongetupo2009niandelishigaofengzaichuangxingao,da301.99yiyuan。”wujinzhongxinbufendeshangpinfangxiaoliangzaizhenggechangzhoushidezhanbishangshengdaole30.71%。yeshizaizheiduanshijianli,“xinchengxi”dezichanguimoyouquanguofangdichanxingyedi35wei(2005nian)shangshengdaodi19wei(2011nian),mingliejiangsushengdiyi,zhengshijinruledichanjiede“diertidui”。

yucitongshi,zaiwangzhenhuahuixiadeguanlituanduizhong,yuelaiyuepinfandichuxiancengjingdewujinqudifangguanyuan。2017nian11yuechu,shangjiaosuoduiwaigongbucheng:jianyuxinchengkonggufuzongcaiouyangjiezaiquefaquanweiyijudeqingkuangxiazixingfabushejigongsicaiwuzhuangkuangdezhongdaxinxi,kenengduitouzizhechanshengwudao,jiangduiqiyuyijianguanguanzhu。gongkaiziliaoxianshi,ouyangjiezai2007nianjiarujiangsuxinchengzhiqian,cengrenwujinquzhengfubangongshifuzhuren、quxingzhengshenpifuwuzhongxinzhuren。juzhiqingrenshitoulu,zaixinchengkonggudedongshi、jianshi、gaojiguanlirenyuanmingdanzhong,haiyouyuanwujinquweizuzhibufubuzhang、yuanwujinqunanxiashujiedaobanshichufuzhurendengduoweicengjingdedangzhengguanyuan。

duizheizhonglinghuoqiehuanshenfende“xuanzhuanmen”xianxiang,xumingbingbujuedeweihe。tapinglunshuo:“shijinianqianshi‘xincheng’dajukuozhangdeguanjianjieduan,xuyaoyidapidongdedifangzhengceheshichanghuanjingdegaoguan。wangzhenhuacongkaishizuoshengyiqijiuxihuanhehutangqiao、wujinqudedifangguanyuandajiaodao,qingtamendangcanmou。yixienianjibijiaoqing、xuelibijiaogaodewujinganbuyexiangyao‘dongyidong’,huanyigeshourufenghoudegongzuo,yushijiuquleqiye。dangshi《gongwuyuanfa》guanyulizhijiangeqideguidinghaimeiyouchutai,zheizhongxianxiangsuiranbusuanduo,danyebuxiqi。”ranerxumingyebumianjuede,wangzhenhuayoushizai“tiganbufenyou”zheijianshishangzuodeguoyuyinqinle——“yuanchangzhoushizhonglouqudeyiweizhuyaolingdao,2011nianqizaiwujinzhuchiyigededaozhengfufuchideyanglaodichanxiangmu,dangshideshexiangshibumaifangzi、zhichushouhuiyuanzige,danbendirenbumaizhang,fanxiangbuhao。houlaiwangzhenhuachumianmaixialezheigexiangmudekongguquan,yiranyouzheiweilingdaofuzeguanli,shijishangshibianchengputongshangyedichanzaichushoule。nijuedetakanzhongdeshineidianmaifangdelirun,haishixiangmubeihouderenmaigenzhengfuguanxi?”

haobuyiwaideshi,zheigeyanglaodichanxiangmuyiranweiyuwangzhenhuade“neiquan”,yiranchuzaihutangzhenneigebanjing3gonglideyuanquannei。

2010nianzhihou,laolvjiandaocengjingdejiuxiangshiwangzhenhuadejihuiyuelaiyueshao。xinchengkongguzongbudongqianshanghaizhihou,wangzhenhuazhihuizaifanhuichangzhoucanyuzhongdaxiangmuqianyueyijichuxijiaxiangdecishanhuodongshicaihuiouerhuidaowanlishequ,jiushichunjieqijianyejueshaofanxiangshengqin。laolvshuo:“yinggaishuotazheigerengenjiaxiangdeganqinghaikeyi,hutangwangshixiuzongpushi,laowang(wangzhenhua)juanlehaojishiwan。tamuqinxinfo,zheimeduonianlaiguangjiwujindebaolinsijuanxianghuo、suguanyinxiangjiuhuale100duowan,keconglaiyemeijiwanlixiuguoyitiaolu、zaoguoyigexiaoxue。”

zheizhongfuzadexinggetezheng,yededaoleyuwangjiayouguoshenjiaodeliunvshidepangzheng。jutahuiyi:“laowangzheigerenzaijialishishuoyibuerde。xinchengdeyewuzuoqilaizhihou,tadejigegegesuiranyezaijituangualeming、shouliyougufen,danjingyingfangmiandeshiqinghaishilaowangyigerenshuolesuan。wujinxuduojiazuqiyezhongcengjingchuxianguodezhengchanxianxiang,zaixinchengjiumeiyoufashengguo。”qizichenjingzaiwangzhenhuachuangyechuqicengjingtigongguobangzhu,buguodaole1997nian,taqujianadadingju,liangnianhouzaineilishengxiayigenver,yizhidao2005niancaihuiguodingjushanghai。

duiwangzhenhuadejiatingguanxihegerenshenghuo,liunvshidemiaoshudaizheyisi“guolairen”teyoudekuanrong:“laowangshenbianshiyizhibuquexiaoguniangde。benlaijiujiniantazijiyexiangguoyaoyimin,danyewuzuodazhihoujiugaizhuyile。laopozaijianadadaixiaohai、huanguoji,tayigerenzaiguonei,shenbiannonglejigexiaoguniang,doushixindeguoderenjieshaode,‘gong’(bendifangyanzhixiangchu)jinianzaihuandiao。changzhoudebushaohezuohuobandouzhidao。”jishizaiqizicongjianadahuiguozhihou,wangzhenhuayiranhehutangtongxiangnvzizhouyanfenyijiabaochizheyihuxunchangdeguanxi。zuowei“neiquan”zhongren,zhouyanfenjiqijiatingchengyuanyejinrule“xincheng”dechanyelian,zuoqilejiancaishengyi。

zailinjinhutangzhenhuayuanjiedefubeixincun,zhouyanfencengjingdejiefangmengoulechulezheimingshenmizhongniannvzidedazhixingxiang:“fubeixincunzheiyipianshihutangqiaoheliucundechaiqiananzhifang。zhoujiashiheliubendiren,yousangenver,zhouyanfenshilaoda,henzaojiulilehun,gentafuqinyijiermeilaiwangbijiaoduo。zhoujiadesanmeimeiyoucanyutamendeshengyi,bijiaobenfen。”qizichenjingzaijianadadingjuqijian,wangzhenhuayuzhouyanfenxiangshi,duonianlaiguocongshenmi。2009nian,zhouyanfenzhifuyuermeizhuceleyijiajiancaigongsi,liangnianhouxiaoshouejitupo8600wanyuan,erzheijiagongsidezhucedizhizhengshifubeixincunzhouyanfenmingxiadefangchan。2012nian,zhouyanfenbenrenyoufaqileyijiazhuceziben500wanyuandetufangshigongchenggongsi,dizhijiuzaijibaimiwaidehuayuanjie。

zaihuayuanjiezhengxifang350michu,chulizhechangzhoushiwujinquzhengfuguimokeguandebangongdalou,“fubeixincun”zhimingzhengdeziyuci。27nianqianneigexiatian,wujinxianzhengfubanqiandaozheili,yiqieguanyuzhifumengxianghe“xincheng”shenhuadegushijiucikaiqi。neishijie,wangzhenhuazhengzaibeimian2gongliwaidewanlishequjuzhu,zhoushijiemeidelaojiaheliucunzezaiximian1.5gongliwaidengdaigaizao。tamenshiruciyilaizheige“neiquan”——shijishang,zhidaojintian,wangzhenhuagaoshoudemuqinhezhouyanfendefuqinhaijuzhuzaihuayuanjieliangcexinchengdichankaifadeliangchuhaozhainei。dantamendeernvzanshibuhuihuilaile:2019nian6yue28ri,zhouyanfenyi“youwandishinileyuan”weijiekou,jiangzaichangzhouwusedaodeliangmingnvtongdaiwangshanghai。zongheshouhairenchenshu、shanghaiputuomouyiyuandemenzhenjilu,yijifayiyanjiuyuandejianding,shanghaiputuoqufayuanyishenrending,wangzhenhuaduiqizhongyimingnvtongcunzaiweixieshanghaishishihouguo。


1.benzhanzunxunxingyeguifan,renhezhuanzaidegaojiandouhuimingquebiaozhuzuozhehelaiyuan;2.benzhandeyuanchuangwenzhang,qingzhuanzaishiwubizhumingwenzhangzuozhehelaiyuan,buzunzhongyuanchuangdexingweiwomenjiangzhuijiuzeren;3.zuozhetougaokenenghuijingwomenbianjixiugaihuobuchong。

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