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大卫·格雷伯的无政府主义人类学

作者:admin 2020-09-20 我要评论

meiguorenleixuejiadaweigeleiboyu9yue2rizaiweinisiyijiayiyuanbingshi,xiangnian59sui。tashi2011nianzhanlinghuaerjieyundongdezaoqizuzhizhezhiyi。 meiguorenleixuejiadaweigeleibo daweigeleibo2011nianchubande...

美国人类学家大卫·格雷伯于9月2日在威尼斯一家医院病逝,享年59岁。他是2011年“占领华尔街运动”的早期组织者之一。

美国人类学家大卫·格雷伯

 

dawei·geleibo2011nianchubande《zhai:diyigewuqiannian》youjin500ye,《guanchajia》shuotachubandehenshishihou(shifeng“zhanlinghuaerjieyundong”),yehenhaodong。yingguozhengzhijingjixuejiajieluomi·lusishuo:“shibushihuiyouyiweisixiangjiagexinwomendeshijieguan,bangzhuwomenzhongxinxiangxiangwomencengjingxiangdangrandedongxi……dawei·geleibozhisuoyichuming,shiyinweitanengxiangdazhongchuanbofuzadesixiang,wenzimiren、youmo。tayishengzhiliyuweiyigegengjiaziyou、gengkuaile、gengpingdengdeshijieerdouzheng,liuxialexuduolingrennanwangdezhuzuo,baokuoshangweichubande《wanwudeliming:renxingdexinlishi》。”

geleiboyizhizaibangzhuduzhexiangxiangxianshideqitakenengxing。lundunzhengzhijingjixueyuanrenleixuexixizhurenlaola·beiershuo:“dawei·geleiboshiyigehenyouyingxiangderenleixuejia、zhengzhihuodongjiahegonggongzhishifenzi。tadezhuzuohangailemadajiasijiadezangli、mofa、guanliaojigou、guowangdejinronghua、muouhehaidao。tapipanlezhaiwudecanren、goupigongzuoherenxingdebianzhi。duiwomenlaishuo,tashiyigerenleixuejiayinggaiyoudeyangzi——qitakenengxingdexinshi。”

geleibo1961nianchushengyuniuyueyigeyoutaigongrenjiejijiating,tamuqinchushengyubolan,shizhiyigongren,chuyanguoyinleju,tafuqincanjiaguoxibanyaneizhanzhongdeguojizongdui。80niandaimotachengweizhijiagedaxuerenleixueboshi,qianwangmadajiasijiakaocha,biyehouzaiyeludaxuerenjiao。2005nianyinweitajingchangcanjiakangyihuodong,yeludaxuebuzaigentaxuyue。2013nianqitazailundunzhengzhijingjixueyuanrenjiao。

zuoweiyiweirenleixuejia,geleibozhidaobutongdewenhuayibutongdefangshidingyishijie。tazaimadajiasijiakaizhanguoguangfanderenleixuetianyekaocha,kandaotaopaodenulichuangjiandefankangwenhuaduiyiwuhequanweidengzhengzhigainiandoujichulelingleideguandianhedingyi。tadaizhezheixiedongjiankaochadangdaiyingmeishehui:wanqizibenzhuyiwenhuashiruhedingyihuobihezhaide?weishenmewomengengjiatuichongmouxiegongzuo?minzhudezhenzhenghanyishishenme?

2004nian,geleibochubanleyibenxiaoshu《wuzhengfuzhuyirenleixuesuipian》,tashuowuzhengfuzhuyiburezhonggaoshendelilun,tashishijiande、linghuode、fanjiaotiaode。wuzhengfuzhuyirenwei,lingyigeshijieshikenengde。“xiangguojia、zibenzhuyi、zhongzuqishiyijinanxingtongzhizheiyangdejizhibingbushiwukebimiande,womenkeyiyongyouyigeshijie,neilijimeiyouzheixiedongxi,erwomenyeshenghuodegengmeihao。leguanzhuyichengweiyizhongjueduimingling。yunyongrenleixueyanjiufangfa,guancharenmenzuoshenme,ranhouchangshishuliyinzangzaixingdonghuoxingweizhongdefuhao、daodehuoshijianluoji,changshilejietamenbuzijuedexingweihuoxiguan,quguanchasheizhengzaichuangzaohuoshixinglingyizhongkexingdemoshi。”

zheibenshuzhong,guanyu“goupigongzuo”delilunyijingchujianduanni。“dikanggongzuoyixiangdoushizuzhiwuzhengfuzhuyizhedehexin。youxuduogongzuoxiaoshile,jihumeigerendouhuitongyishirenleizhifu。pirudianhuachuanxiaoyuan、qiyelvshi。womenyekeyiquxiaozhenggeguanggaojigongguanxingye,jiegusuoyouzhengkehetamendeguyuan,quxiaoguanggaokeyijianshaoshengchan、yunshuyijichushoububiyaodechanpin,yinweirenmenxuyaoshenmedongxi,zonghuiyoubanfazhaodao。quxiaojiduandebupingdengyiweizhewomenbuzaixuyaojibaiwanmingkanmenyuan、sirenjingwei、yuzuhuotejingduidedabufenfuwu,gengbuyaoshuojunduile。jinrongjia、chengbaorenheyinxingjiadoushijishengwu。”

2011nian,geleibochubande《zhai:diyige5000nian》chengweichangxiaoshu。tazaishuzhongtichu,zhuliujingjixueguanyuhuobihezhaideqiyuandejiashuodoushimeiyougenjude。huobibingbushiqiyuanyuhepingdeshichangjiaohuan,ershiyuanzizhaizhuhezhaiwurenzhijianbupingdengdequanliguanxi。“renmenguanyuhuobilishidebiaozhunshuofashifeichangluohoude。renleibingbushicongyiwuyiwukaishi,ranhoufaxianlehuobi,zuizhongfazhanchuxindaitixi。shijiqingkuangshilingyifuqingjing。shouxianchuxiande,shirujinbeiwomenchengweixunihuobidedongxi。henjiuyihoucaichuxianyingbi,eryingbishiyongdepujichengdufeichangbuwending,congweinenggouwanquanqudaixindaitixi。xiangyingdi,yiwuyiwusihushirenmenzaishiyongyingbihuozhizhihuobiguochengzhongyiwaidanshengdefuchanpin:zailishishang,yiwuyiwuzhuyaoyouyijingshuxixianjinjiaoyiderenmenshiyong——dangtamenyouyumouzhongyuanyin,wufaqudehuobideshihou,jiuhuicaiquyiwuyiwudefangshi。”

jiaozaodeshichangzhuyaokaoxinyongyunxing,shiyongxianjindeshichangshisuizhezhanzhengerxingqide。“zhanzheng、zhengfuhenuyibujinjinzaijiangrenleijingjizhuanbianweishichangjingjideguochengzhongbanyanlehexindejiaose,yezaigezhongchengdushangyingxiangdaolewomendeshehuizhongjihusuoyoudejianzhi。sheizuiyoukenengdiyigekandaofangzilidegezhongwujian,erlikepingguzaishichangshangchushoutamenkeyihuanhuiduoshaodongxi?haowuyiwen,zhiyoudaozeihuizheiyangzuo……renhebashijieguijieweishuzidetixi,zhiyoutongguowuqicainengweichixiaqu,bulunshidao、jian、gunbang,haishidangjinwurenjiashifeijitouxiadejiguangzhidaodaodan。”

geleibotichuleyizhonghenjijindezhuzhang:haizhaibushidaodedejingsui。shishishang,womenbingbuquandouyaochanghaiwomendezhai。“qianzhaihaiqianzheigeguandiandeshenqizhichujiuzaiyu,jishigenjubiaozhundejingjixuelilun,tayeshibuzhengquede。zhaiquanrenliyingchengdanyidingchengdudefengxian。ruguobulunduomeyuchundedaikuandounenghuodechanghai——lirubucunzaipochanfa,neimejieguojiangshihuimiexingde。”youtaifalvxinianlv(jubilee)guiding,zaianxinian(meiqinian),suoyoudezhaiwudoujiangzidongbeimianchu,neixieyinzhaiwurengzainuyizhongshoukuderenmenjiangbeijiefang。

zaihoulaidezhuzuozhong,geleiboyitafengqu、xixidefengge,yongtaderenleixuexunlianpouxilegezhongzhuti,ruminzhu(“zuizaodezhenzhengdeminzhujigoushihaidaochuan”)、guanliaojigou(“jingchashidaiqiangdeguanliao”)hekeji(“huifeideqichezainali?”)。zaitaolunkejishi,taqufenleshiyidejishuyuguanliaodejishu。shiyidejishuyonglixingde、jishudeshouduanbakuangxiangbianchengxianshi。tagenwenmingyiyanggulao。rujinkeyandoushijuxingguanliaozhuyixiangmutuidongde,duiguiguhehulianwangqiyuanshenhuademilianzhebilezhenxiang,zhengfu、daxuehesiyougongsidexianghushentoudaozhisuoyourendoucainalegongsizhongchuxiandeyuyan、ganshoulihezuzhixingshi。zheizhonggongsiguanliaojizhiyouzhuyukaifachanpin,duifuhuayuanchuangxingyanjiulaishuoqueshizainanxingde。

geleiborenwei,xinxingkejibingmeiyougaishanminsheng、jianshaorenmendegongzuoliang,“xinxijishudekuozhanhexindezuzhiyunshudefangshi,shidetongyangdegongyegongzuobeiwaibaodaodongya、lameidengguojia,neilidelianjialaodonglishidezhizaoshangnenggoushiyongbuneimefadadeshengchanxianjishu。jingxinshejidegaokejiyundongxiebushiyongzhinengjixiexiahuofenzinamikejishengchande,ershimoxigehuoyinninongmindenveryonglaoshifengrenjizuode。suiranzaiyixueheshengmingkexuefangmianyouzhekongqiandetouru,danwomenrengzaidengdaiaizhengheputongganmaodezhiyufangfa,zuidadeyixuetuposhibaiyoujiedengyaowu,weideshiquebaoxindegongzuoyaoqiubuhuibawomenchedibifeng。diannaoshiguzhuchuangzaolelinghuodegongzuoguanlifangfa,pohuailechuantongdegongzuoanquanxing,zengjialejihusuoyourendegongzuoshizhang。”


1.benzhanzunxunxingyeguifan,renhezhuanzaidegaojiandouhuimingquebiaozhuzuozhehelaiyuan;2.benzhandeyuanchuangwenzhang,qingzhuanzaishiwubizhumingwenzhangzuozhehelaiyuan,buzunzhongyuanchuangdexingweiwomenjiangzhuijiuzeren;3.zuozhetougaokenenghuijingwomenbianjixiugaihuobuchong。

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