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赵婷:在《无依之地》崛起

作者:admin 2020-10-09 我要评论

zaiganggangjieshudeweinisiguojidianyingjieshang,huarennvdaoyanzhaotingping《wuyizhidi》zhanhuozuijiayingpiandajiang。zheibuhaoshiliugeyuewancheng、jujiaomeiguoyoumuzhededianyingdapoledazhongduihaolaiwuxibupiandechuantongren...

在刚刚结束的威尼斯国际电影节上,华人女导演赵婷凭《无依之地》斩获最佳影片大奖。这部耗时六个月完成、聚焦美国游牧者的电影打破了大众对好莱坞西部片的传统认知,也让赵婷一跃成为当下最受世界影坛关注的女性导演。

 

电影《无依之地》剧照

 

文/顾草草

jiuyueshizhaotingdejiuyue。tadexinzuo、gerenzhidaodedisanbuzhangpian《wuyizhidi》zaiweinisiguojidianyingjielishixingdiduodezuijiayingpiandajiang,chengweilishishangdiwuweizaiweinisizheguidenvdaoyan,yechuangzaolehuarendaoyanzaiweinisidibacipengdejinshierguidejilu。erzaiganggangjieshudeduolunduodianyingjie,《wuyizhidi》zaicidengding,zhaotingchengweilian2000nianpingjie《wohuzanglong》huojiangzhihou,lishishangdierweihuodeduolunduodianyingjierenminxuanzejiangdehuarendaoyan。

pai“xibupian”dehuarennvdaoyan

yinweiyiqingqijianlvxingxianzhilingdeyuangu,zhaotinghefulanxisi·maikeduomengdeweishoudezhuchuangtuanduiwufaqinzichuxiweinisidianyingjie。《wuyizhidi》zaidianyingjiezuihouyitianshangying,danshuichengrenminreqingyijiu,shouyinglixianchangzuowuxuxi。zaiyingpianfangyingjieshuhou,quanchangxiangqileruchaodezhangsheng,xiangwufachuxidezhuchuangmenreqingzhiyi,jiujiuwufapingxi。《wuyizhidi》yihoulaizhezhishixunsuchengweiduojiangremen,yijuchengweiguojichangkanzuigaofen。

nianjin38sui,daoyanshengyadisanbuzhangpianjiuqudezheiyangderongyao,buyaoshuofangzaizhongguo、huayudianyingquan,fangzaiquanshijie,doujiweihanjian。

zhaotingzoudaojinshidezheiyilu,bingbupingtan,yefeijiejing。conggaozhongkaishizaihaiwaishenghuodeta,daxuebiyehoubingmeiyoulikexuanzezijidezhiye,ershiquniuyuepiaoboleduonian,zaijiubadagong,zhidaobeiwushuguokedegushiqifa,caijuedingquxuedianying、paidianying。congniuyuedaxuedishiyishuxueyuanbiyehou,tapaishelezijidezhangpianchunvzuo《gegejiaowochangdege》,yu2015nianruweileshengdansidianyingjiehejianadianyingjiededaoyanshuangzhoudanyuan。neishi,zhaotingdemingziouerchuxianzaizhongwenmeitili,zongyaobeiguanshang“songdandanjinv”detouxian。zhidaoliangnianhou,tapaishelezijidedierbuzhangpian《qishi》,zaifujianadaoyanshuangzhoudanyuan,bingzaimeiguodegeleidulidianyingjieshangyousuozhanhuo。zheishihou,zhaotingcaibuzaishibaodaoli“songdandandejinv”。

jianazhihou,zhaotingkaishibeiguojidianyingshichangguanzhu,yeyinqileyixiehaolaiwudianyingrendexingqu。

导演赵婷(视觉中国供图)

 

2018nian,zaiaosikabanjiangdianlishangzaiduhuodexiaojinrendemeiguotaidoujinvyanyuanfulanxisi·maikeduomengdexuanbu,zijijijianghezhaotinghezuoyibudianying。neibudianying,zhengshirujinzaiweinisidianyingjieshangzhanhuodajiangde《wuyizhidi》。

《wuyizhidi》gaibianzimeiguonvjizhejiexika·bulaode(jessica brauder)detongmingfeixugouzuopin。dangshi,fulanxisi·maikeduomengdezhenghezijidedadangchoupaiyouzijizhipiandedianying,tadudaozheibendiaochashixinwenxiezuofenggedezuopinyihou,xunsupaiban,maixialedianyingbanquan,danquechichiwufaquedingdaoyanrenxuan,zhidaozaiduolunduodianyingjieshangkandaolezhaotingde《qishi》。talikedadianhuajidadangshuo:“wozhaodaowomendedaoyanle!”

duibi《qishi》he《wuyizhidi》zheiliangbudianying,bunanlijiemaikeduomengdedexuanze。tongyangshibeijingshedingzaimeiguozhongxibu,tongyangshifeidianxingxibupianhegonglupiandejiehe,tongyangshijujiaobianyuanrenqun,tongyangshiyitangziwoxunzhaodelvcheng。

congchuantongyiyishanglaishuo,“xibupian”shiyizhongbeinanxinglongduandeleixingpian。danzhaotingzai《qishi》zhongtiaozhanlezheizhonglongduan:tatongguoyigeshoushangniuzidegushi,tanjiumeiguoyindiannianqingrengaozishalvdewenti,yinvxingshijiaochengxianchudangdaimeishiyingxiongzhuyishiluoposuidemoyang。《qishi》dapolexibupianxiongxingcuguangdeguhuaxingtai。

《wuyizhidi》zeshijujiaoyigeyiwusuoyoudelaoniannvxing,jiangshutajijuzaizijidexiangshihuochezhong,xuanzeyongyuanzailushang,chengweiyigedangdaiyoumuzhedegushi。

cong《qishi》dao《wuyizhidi》,zhaotingjiangzijishanzhangdeshiqingzaizuoleyibian。zhishizheiyici,wuluncongyanyuanbiaoyan、zhizuoshuiping,haishiyingpianliyidenggegefangmian,zhaotingdeyoumushidianyingzai《wuyizhidi》zhongdoushixianlequanmianshengji。

zaiweinisidianyingjieqijian,《wuyizhidi》shichulediyizhiyugaopian——chengzhiweiyugaopian,qishizhishicongdianyingzhongjiequdeyigewanzhengdezhangjingtou。duanduanyifenzhongbudaodeshijianli,maikeduomengdebanyandefuenzaixiyangxiazouguoyoumuzheyingdi,luguoanyingzhazhaideyoumuzhemen,jingguopengyoumenjuhuidegouhuocong,zouxiangshuyuzijidejingmi、wenxin。quanchengmeiyourenherengongdaguang,jingtoudeliudongyourufuzhezaifuendehuxizhishang,chongmanlepingfanshenghuodeshengmingli。jinjinzheiyichangxi,jiunengkanchuzhaotingkanchengdashijidediaodunengli,gengwanmeishifanlerichangshunjianshiruhezaidianyingrenshouzhonghuafuxiuweishenqide。

从美国西部到威尼斯

weinisishouyingzhihou,yingpingrenbukebimiandijiangtadezuopinhetailunsi·malikededianyingxiangbijiao。2018nianzhaotingzaijieshou《biaozhundianyingshouzang》(the criterion collection)caifangdeshihou,yegongkaibiaoshiguozijiduidashimalikezuopindereai,youqishi2005nianneibujiangshu17shijiyindianyuanzhuminhezhiminzhejiaojide《xinshijie》。

liangrendedaoyanfenggeyouxiangsizhichu,danzaishixingliudongdeyingxiangzhinei,zhaotingbingmeiyouxiangmalikeneiyangzhizheyushangshengchumouzhongzhexueyiyi。tagengqingxiangyuzhanshiyoumushenghuozhongdezhongzhongsuosuixijie:fuenxiangyoumuqianbeixuexiruhebaoyangxiangshihuoche、baocunbeitai、dingqijinxingchekuanghulidengdeng,zaimanzhangluchengzhongdezhongzhonglequ,hepengyouzaigouhuobianliaotian,fenxiangrenshengjingli,qudianyingyuankan《fuchouzhelianmeng》,zaijiubakanbendizhuchanggeshoudeyanchu,ganji,guangtiaozaoshichang,canjiaxiangshihuochejijuzhedezhanhuideng;hehuyouhaogandeyoumuzhedaifuyiqiqudaxingyoulechangdagong……yingpiandexijuxingbingbuyilaiyumoujigejutidejilieshijian,gushidehexinjinjinshifuenbenrendemingyun。tashenghuozhongdemeiyijianxiaoshiyoujigouchenglequanpianjuqingdeqifu,youdeshihouguanzhongshenzhihennanpanduanzijijiujingzaikanyibujilupianhaishijuqingpian。

zai《wuyizhidi》zhong,zhaotingshiyigeqianbeidejiangshuzhe,tabuduizhujiaodeshenghuozuochurenheganrao,bucunzairenhepanduanheyushe,tadejingtoudaizhechuzibennengdehaoqixinheduibianyuanrenderentong,taheguanzhongyiqixijiuguanyushenghuo——wulunshinazhongxingtaishenghuodegezhongkuangwei。congzheiyidianshanglaishuo,yexuzhaotinggengxiangtaxinshangdelingwailiangweidianyingren:lianhewangjiawei。

wulunshi《qishi》haishi《wuyizhidi》degushi,douhezhaotingzaibeijingdechengzhang、zaiyingguodeqingchunqi、zainiuyuederichangshenghuomeiyoubiranguanlian。dancongliangbudianyingchengxiandexijieherenwenguanhuailaikan,tashigehaodeguanchazhehesikaozhe。

zhaotinghefulanxisi·maikeduomengdeyijizhiyou23rendeminituanduizhangdaliugeyuezailushangdepaishe,jihucongfangfangmianmianzaixianleyuanzhuzuozhedetianyelvcheng。tongguomaikeduomengdebanyandefuendeshijiao,guanzhongmennengyikuidangdaiyoumuzheshequndezhuangtai。zhaotingbulinyubagengduodejingtoujineixieliulangzhe、shihuangzhe,neixieyinweiyanglaojinjiejuerwufabaozhufangzidelaonianren,meiyouyuanyoupiaobodenianqingxipishi,yinweijujuewendingshenghuoxuanzeyoumudedaye,yinweifumuwangguerxuanzeshangluliaoshangdenianqingheirennvhai,jibianshenhuanaizhengyebuyuanyifangqiyoushanwanshuidelaonainai……tamendeshenghuofangshihelinian,zheshechujiweifuzadedangdaiyoumuzhedeshenfenguangpu,shentouzherenshengbaitai,yeanzangzhemeiguoshehuidezhongzhongweiji——yanglaojinkuikong,yiliaotixiwuneng,renqinglengmoshuli,yishimouzhongduiyuzibenzhuyishehuiguixunshengcunfangshidepipan。

ruguo《wuyizhidi》cunzaimouzhongsuqiu,bianshitongguoduidangdaiyoumuzheshenghuodezhengshiheguanzhu,weigengduoderenqumeichumo。zaihuodejinshijianghoudexinwenfabuhuishang,zhaotingchuanzhebianzhuang,zhayigefajijiuchuxianzaixianchanglianxiandedapingmuzhong。zaiganxielesuoyouguanzhongzaiyiqingmeiyouchediguoqudeshijiejiulaidianyingjieguankanzheibudianyingzhihou,tabiaoshi,ruguozheibudianyingnengdailaishenmeyangdebianhua,nengjitasuopaishedeyoumuzhezuoxieshenme,taxiwangshisuoyoukanguo《wuyizhidi》deren,zaixianshishenghuozhongjiandaoyoumuzheshi,dounengjichuyigehaowujiedideweixiao。tashuo,youmuzhemenzaishenghuoshangwanquankeyizijizizu,danshiyizhishenghuozairenmenwujieheqishidemuguangzhizhong。xiwangzheibudianyingnengrangdazhongyishidao,neixieshenghuozaishehuibianyuandeyoumuzhe,yebuguoshiputongren。

zheishishuxide、shuyudianyingrendelangmanzhuyi:dianyingnenggaibianshijiema?neng,《wuyizhidi》zheiyangdedianyingneng,napazhishiyidiandian。


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